3,998,084 results match your criteria - 066 p = 0001

Maternal obesity and baseline vitamin D insufficiency alter the response to vitamin D supplementation: a double-blind, randomized trial in pregnant women.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Nutrition Innovation Centre for Food and Health (NICHE), School of Biomedical Sciences, Ulster University, Coleraine, Northern Ireland.

Background: The achievement of target 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in pregnancy may be altered by maternal obesity.

Objective: The authors examined the effects of maternal supplementation of 10 μg compared with 20 μg vitamin D3/d on maternal and umbilical cord 25(OH)D. The secondary aim was to investigate the influence of maternal BMI (in kg/m2) on the response of the primary outcomes. Read More

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Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):78-82

1V. Karazin Kharkiv National University, School of Medicine; 2SI "Institute of Health of Children and Adolescents of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Kharkiv, Ukraine.

In this study was to investigate the сoexistence of diabetes mellitus type 1 with other chronic pathology in children and adolescents and their impact on the course of diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1). The 88 children from 3 to 17 years who had DM1 were observed. The study was conducted by survey with the aim of finding risk factors and associated comorbidties with a questionnaire-based, objective-subjective study. Read More

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Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):57-61

2Communal Еnterprise «Regional Institution for Providing Psychiatric Care of Poltava Regional Council», Ukraine.

The spread of depressive disorders is extra high nowadays. Depressive disorders are widespread mental disorders in the structure of mental pathology, both causes of psychiatrists' visit, and causes of medical aid. The presence of depressive syndrome in patients with cardiovascular system leads to deterioration patient's condition and adaptive abilities and aggravates somatic abnormality. Read More

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Automated detection of hippocampal sclerosis: Comparison of a composite MRI-based index with conventional MRI measures.

Epilepsy Res 2021 Apr 9;174:106638. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Radiology, Sanbo Brain Hospital, Capital Medical University, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aims to compare the performance of an MRI-based composite index (HSI) with conventional MRI-based measures in hippocampal sclerosis (HS) detection and postoperative outcome estimation.

Methods: Seventy-two temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with pathologically confirmed HS and fifteen TLE patients without HS were included retrospectively. The T1-weighted and FLAIR images of these patients were processed with AccuBrain to quantify the hippocampal volume (HV) and the hippocampal FLAIR signal. Read More

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Automated assessment of glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy using deep learning.

Comput Med Imaging Graph 2021 May 2;90:101930. Epub 2021 May 2.

Politecnico di Torino, PoliToBIOMed Lab, Biolab, Department of Electronics and Telecommunications, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, Turin, 10129, Italy.

In kidney transplantations, pathologists evaluate the architecture of both glomeruli, interstitium and tubules to assess the nephron status. An accurate assessment of glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy is crucial for determining kidney acceptance, which is currently based on the pathologists' histological evaluations on renal biopsies in addition to clinical data. In this work, we present an automated algorithm, called RENTAG (Robust EvaluatioN of Tubular Atrophy & Glomerulosclerosis), for the segmentation and classification of glomerular and tubular structures in histopathological images. Read More

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Cumulative tea consumption is inversely associated with colorectal adenomas in adults: A cross-sectional study in a Taiwanese population.

Cancer Epidemiol 2021 May 5;73:101945. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Family Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Division of Family Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital Dou-Liou Branch, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Yunlin, Taiwan; Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study examined the association between cumulative tea consumption over time and various colorectal adenomas as well as their pathology, number, and size.

Methods: 7355 eligible subjects who underwent health check-ups with colonoscopies were recruited. They were classified into three groups: polyp-free, having low-risk colorectal adenomas, and having high-risk colorectal adenomas. Read More

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Omenn syndrome caused by a novel homozygous mutation in recombination activating gene 1.

Immunobiology 2021 Apr 28;226(3):152090. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Laboratory of Genomics and Human Genetics,Institut Pasteur du Maroc, 1 Place Louis Pasteur, 20360 Casablanca, Morocco. Electronic address:

Omenn syndrome (OS) is a type of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) that is distinguished by, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, erythroderma, alopecia with normal to elevated T-cell counts, eosinophilia, and elevated serum IgE levels. Recombination activation gene (RAG) 1 or RAG2 mutations that result in partial V(D)J recombination activity are known to be the main cause of OS. Other genes (DCLRE1C, LIG4, IL7RA, common gamma chain, ADA, RMRP, and CHD7) have also been linked to OS, although with low frequency. Read More

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Shorter outpatient wait-times for buprenorphine are associated with linkage to care post-hospital discharge.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Apr 20;224:108703. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, 801 Massachusetts Ave, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.

Background: Inpatient addiction consult services (ACS) lower barriers to accessing medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD), however not every patient recommended for MOUD links to outpatient care. We hypothesized that fewer days between discharge date and outpatient appointment date was associated with improved linkage to buprenorphine treatment among patients evaluated by an ACS.

Methods: We extracted appointment and demographic data from electronic medical records and conducted retrospective chart review of adults diagnosed with opioid use disorder (OUD) evaluated by an ACS in Boston, MA between July 2015 and August 2017. Read More

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Targeting the transcription cycle and RNA processing in cancer treatment.

Curr Opin Pharmacol 2021 May 5;58:69-75. Epub 2021 May 5.

Center for Research on Reproduction & Women's Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

The transcriptional program and RNA splicing machinery are highly and frequently dysregulated in human cancers due to genomic and epigenomic alterations during tumorigenesis. This leads to cancer-specific dependencies on components of the transcriptional program and RNA splicing machinery, providing alternative and targetable 'Achilles' heels' for cancer treatment in the clinic. To target these vulnerabilities in cancer cells, potent and specific transcriptional CDK inhibitors and chemical compounds that impair splicing have been developed and evaluated in preclinical cancer models. Read More

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Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis in an eight year old male child: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 30;82:105943. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Faculty of Medicine, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania; Department of Urology, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Box 3010, Moshi, Tanzania.

Introduction And Importance: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is an extremely rare but known form of chronic pyelonephritis resulting from prolonged suppuration of the kidney. Pre-operatively, it may mimic renal tuberculosis or neoplastic lesions including renal cell carcinoma due to its vague clinical presentation, equivocal laboratory and radiological investigations. Due to its rarity and academic interest, herein we report such a rare case we recently encountered in our clinical practice. Read More

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Biliary tree neuroendocrine tumor, an incidental finding.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 30;82:105940. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

General Surgery Department, School of Medicine, University of Jordan, Jordan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Biliary tree neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are rare, with 100 cases in the literature, and have an excellent prognosis. Although they are rarely diagnosed before surgery, complete surgical excision offers optimal treatment.

Case Presentation: We report a case of a 36-year-old female patient referred to the surgical team with obstructive jaundice for which she was investigated and found to have a common bile duct tumor showing proximal obstruction. Read More

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Jejunal GIST masquerading as an ovarian mass: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 3;82:105960. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of GI and General Surgery, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Introduction And Importance: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are rare mesenchymal tumors originating in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. Jejunal GIST is the rarest subtype. Large GIST can present with an abdominopelvic mass which can be preoperatively misdiagnosed as a gynecological tumor. Read More

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Pancreaticoduodenectomy for hepatic portal lymph node metastasis after hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma: A clinical case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;82:105921. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Center for Pathology and Cytology, Bach Mai Hospital, Viet Nam.

Introduction: In 2018, Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was predicted to be the sixth most commonly diagnosed cancer. Extra-hepatic metastasis due to HCC is a poor prognostic factor, depending on the stage of the disease.

Presentation Of Case: We report a case of a 52-years old male who had undergone Segment 5 (S5) hepatectomy for HCC of 4. Read More

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Gouty tophus presenting as an anterior cruciate ligament mass in the knee: Case report and brief review of relevant literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;82:105920. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Michael Garron Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Introduction And Importance: Tophacious gout presenting at the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is extremely rare and difficult to differentiate from other intraarticular pathology. This is mainly due to conventional diagnostic tools, such as MRI, producing ambiguous results versus pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) and ganglion cysts.

Case Presentation: Here we report an individual in their late-20s with a gouty tophus located at the origin of the ACL in the knee. Read More

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Are they too perfect to eat healthy? Association between eating disorder symptoms and perfectionism in adolescent rhythmic gymnasts.

Eat Behav 2021 May 1;41:101514. Epub 2021 May 1.

School of Physical Education & Sport Science, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece.

Objective: Eating disorders are associated with perfectionism in adults, but evidence is lacking in adolescent competitive athletes. This study examined eating disorder symptoms and perfectionism in a sample of 13-15 years old, adolescent rhythmic gymnasts.

Methods: Eighty-nine female rhythmic gymnasts (41 international and 48 recreational level gymnasts), completed the Eating Attitudes Tests 26 (EAT-26), the Sport Perfectionism Questionnaire (SPQ), the Social Desirability Scale (SDS) and provided information on their training. Read More

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Investigation of the skin lesions in lightning strike death.

Leg Med (Tokyo) 2021 Apr 30;52:101896. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Section Legal Medicine, Department of Health Promotion Sciences, Maternal and Infant Care, Internal Medicine and Medical Specialties (PROMISE), University of Palermo, Via del Vespro, 129, 90127, Italy. Electronic address:

Lightning strike-related deaths are unusual, and the victim bodies can present different lesions due to the different injury mechanisms associated with this event. Since the post mortem assessment can be challenging, the evaluation of the characteristics of the skin lesions becomes fundamental to reconstruct the event. Due to the paucity of literature on this topic, the authors report the case of a 59-year-old man found dead near his home after a thunderstorm. Read More

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A pitfall in targeted Sanger sequencing of BRCA splicing variants in at-risk individuals.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Apr 28;222:153456. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Pathology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, 321 Zhongshan Road, Nanjing, 210008, China. Electronic address:

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Impact of condensed tannin interactions with grain proteins and non-starch polysaccharides on batter system properties.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 27;359:129969. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Texas A&M University, Soil & Crop Sciences Department, 2474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, United States; Texas A&M University, Food Science & Technology Department, College Station, TX 77843, United States.

Proanthocyanidins (PA) cross-link wheat gluten proteins and dramatically enhance batter viscosity; PA could similarly affect related grains. This study aimed to determine PA effect on viscosity and pasting properties of barley, rye, and oat flours, and the relative contributions of PA interactions with proteins and non-starch polysaccharides (NSP). PA significantly increased batter viscosity, stability, and RVA peak viscosity in rye and barley flours (2. Read More

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Batrachochytrium fungi: stealth invaders in amphibian skin.

Curr Opin Microbiol 2021 May 4;61:124-132. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA.

Amphibian populations around the world have been affected by two pathogenic fungi within the phylum Chytridiomycota. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) has infected hundreds of species and led to widespread declines and some species extinctions. Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) has devastated some native European salamanders, especially the iconic fire salamanders (Salamandra salamandra). Read More

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Fourier-transform infrared microspectroscopy of pulmonary edema fluid for postmortem diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 Apr 26;258:119882. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Academy of Forensic Science, Ministry of Justice, No. 1347 West Guangfu Rd., Shanghai 200063, China. Electronic address:

Determination of the cause of death for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a common and fatal acute complication of diabetes mellitus, is a challenging forensic task owing to the lack of characteristic morphological findings at autopsy. In this study, Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy coupled with chemometrics was employed to characterize biochemical differences in pulmonary edema fluid from different causes of death to supplement conventional methods and provide an efficient postmortem diagnosis of DKA. With this aim, FTIR spectra in three different situations (DKA-caused death, other causes of death with diabetes history, and other causes of death without diabetes history) were measured. Read More

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Leiomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder: A SEER database study and comparison to leiomyosarcomas of the uterus and extremities/trunk.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 Apr 22;53:151743. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA; Department of Urology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA. Electronic address:

No well-established staging system exists for bladder leiomyosarcoma (LMS), and the current staging system does not include tumor size, a thoroughly validated prognostic parameter for sarcomas. Uterine and extremity/trunk LMS are more common than those in the bladder and have well-established staging systems incorporating tumor size. We aim to improve the understanding of LMS of the urinary bladder by assessing cancer-specific survival (CSS) and comparing LMS at this unusual anatomic site to those arising at other sites using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Read More

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Clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes in embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes: A decade long experience from a tertiary care centre in North India.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 Apr 19;53:151745. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Departments of Histopathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes (ETMR) are a heterogenous group clinically, pathologically and topographically. Due to limited cases, data regarding its molecular genetics, pathology and prognostic factors is evolving. We retrospectively analysed our cohort of ETMR over last decade in order to study their clinicopathological characteristics and outcome. Read More

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Plumbagin Inhibits Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion of Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells Induced by FGF-2.

Tissue Cell 2021 Apr 28;72:101547. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, The second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, 05000, China. Electronic address:

Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a serious ophthalmic disease and characterized by the formation of proliferative membranes by retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. In PVR, the contraction and traction of the fibrocellular membranes cause retinal detachment, which can cause reduction surgery for retinal detachment to fail. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) causes RPE cells to form extracellular matrix (ECM), promotes chemotaxis, mitosis, and positively promotes the disease process of PVR. Read More

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The "celebrity canary in the coal mine for the coronavirus": An examination of a theoretical model of celebrity illness disclosure effects.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Apr 28;279:113963. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Murrow College of Communication, 208 Goertzen Hall, PO BOX 642530, Pullman, WA, 99164, USA. Electronic address:

Rationale: On March 11, 2020, actor Tom Hanks announced via social media that he had been diagnosed with COVID-19. Previous research has found celebrity illness disclosures to influence behavior, but during the uncertainty of a pandemic, the effects of such a disclosure were unclear.

Objective: To test the proposed Celebrity Illness Disclosure Effects (CIDE) model, demonstrating how an illness disclosure, communicated through mediated and interpersonal channels, may shape willingness to engage in prevention behaviors. Read More

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"We can't just have a casual conversation": An institutional ethnography-informed study of work in labour and birth.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Apr 29;279:113975. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Wilson Centre for Research in Education, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Canada; University of Toronto's Centre for Interprofessional Education, University Health Network, Canada; Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto, Canada.

Labour and delivery units often become contested workplaces with tensions between obstetrics, nursing, and midwifery practices. These tensions can impede communication and raise concerns about provider wellness and patient safety. Remedying such tensions requires inquiry into the drivers of recurrent problems in interprofessional practice. Read More

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Persons with suspicious onset of multiple sclerosis but with undetermined diagnosis had persistent lower cognition and reduced quality of life.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 Apr 24;52:102977. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gotheburg, Sweden; Department of Neurology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Backgound: Differential diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) includes a variety of disorders and misdiagnosis is common.

Objective: To follow-up persons with suspected onset of MS but in whom the diagnostic investigation was negative.

Methods: In a prospective study including 271 persons with clinical features of suspected MS onset, 136 persons were diagnosed with MS or clinically isolated syndrome (PwMS), 46 had other disorders, and 89 persons had a negative diagnostic work-up, i. Read More

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Bacillus circulans MTCC 7906 aided facile development of bioconjugate nano-silica alkaline protease formulation with superlative dehairing potential.

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 27;285:117181. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary & Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, 141 004, Punjab, India.

The tannery industries utilize environmentally hazardous chemicals to achieve dehairing of animal hides, which causes enormous waterbed pollution & high TDS load. Alkaline protease enzyme for dehairing can be an effective solution to resolve the environmental problems of the tannery industry waste. However, stable, cost-efficient and eco-benign formulations of alkaline protease need to be developed for commercial applications in the tannery industry. Read More

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Platelet Function Monitoring Performed after Carotid Stenting during Endovascular Stroke Treatment Predicts Outcome.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 May 4;30(7):105800. Epub 2021 May 4.

Stroke Unit, Neurology Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Ospedale Civile, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Modena, Via Giardini 1355, Modena, Emilia Romagna 41126, Italy. Electronic address:

Objectives: Many studies showed that platelet reactivity testing can predict ischemic events after carotid stenting or ischemic stroke. The aim of our study was to assess the role of early platelet function monitoring in predicting 90-days functional outcome, stent thrombosis and hemorrhagic transformation in patients with ischemic stroke treated with endovascular procedures requiring emergent extracranial stenting.

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective study on consecutive patients with acute anterior circulation stroke admitted to our hospital between January 2015 and March 2020, in whom platelet reactivity testing was performed within 10 days from stenting. Read More

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Predictive Factors of Perioperative Stroke-Related Mortality Following Vascular Surgery: A Retrospective Analysis.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 May 4;30(7):105833. Epub 2021 May 4.

Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: Vascular surgical procedures have one of the highest risks of perioperative stroke and stroke-related mortality, yet the independent risk factors contributing to this increased mortality have not been described. Perioperative strokes are thought to result from a combination of embolism and hypoperfusion mechanisms. The purpose of this study is to describe the independent predictors of perioperative stroke-related mortality in the vascular surgical population using the Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council (PHC4) database which collects cause of death data. Read More

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A survey of child neurologists about reproductive healthcare for adolescent women with epilepsy.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 May 5;120:108001. Epub 2021 May 5.

UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, 4401 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, United States; Center for Women's Health Research and Innovation, University of Pittsburgh, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, United States.

Objective: To evaluate child neurologists' knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care for adolescent and young adult women with epilepsy (WWE).

Methods: Child neurologists (including attending physicians, residents, fellows, and advanced practitioners) completed an online survey distributed through subspecialty listservs. We analyzed results using descriptive statistics, chi-square, and logistic regression. Read More

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