1,632 results match your criteria α-cyclodextrin α-cd


Heterologous Expression of Cyclodextrin Glycosyltransferase 20 in and Its Application in 2--α-D-Glucopyranosyl-L-Ascorbic Acid Production.

Front Microbiol 2021 28;12:664339. Epub 2021 May 28.

Key Laboratory of Sustainable Development of Polar Fishery, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao, China.

In this study, the cgt gene 20, which encodes cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) and was obtained by the metagenome sequencing of marine microorganisms from the Mariana Trench, was codon optimized and connected to pET-24a for heterologous expression in BL21(DE3). Through shaking flask fermentation, the optimized condition for recombinant CGTase expression was identified as 20°C for 18 h with 0.4 mM of isopropyl β-D-L-thiogalactopyranoside. Read More

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Structural Insights into the Host-Guest Complexation between β-Cyclodextrin and Bio-Conjugatable Adamantane Derivatives.

Molecules 2021 Apr 21;26(9). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028, China.

Understanding the host-guest chemistry of α-/β-/γ- cyclodextrins (CDs) and a wide range of organic species are fundamentally attractive, and are finding broad contemporary applications toward developing efficient drug delivery systems. With the widely used β-CD as the host, we herein demonstrate that its inclusion behaviors toward an array of six simple and bio-conjugatable adamantane derivatives, namely, 1-adamantanol (adm-1-OH), 2-adamantanol (adm-2-OH), adamantan-1-amine (adm-1-NH), 1-adamantanecarboxylic acid (adm-1-COOH), 1,3-adamantanedicarboxylic acid (adm-1,3-diCOOH), and 2-[3-(carboxymethyl)-1-adamantyl]acetic acid (adm-1,3-diCHCOOH), offer inclusion adducts with diverse adamantane-to-CD ratios and spatial guest locations. In all six cases, β-CD crystallizes as a pair supported by face-to-face hydrogen bonding between hydroxyl groups on C2 and C3 and their adjacent equivalents, giving rise to a truncated-cone-shaped cavity to accommodate one, two, or three adamantane derivatives. Read More

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Sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin-enabled antiviral remdesivir: Characterization of electrospun- and lyophilized formulations.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Jul 7;264:118011. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Virtua Drug, Ltd., H-1015, Budapest, Csalogány utca 4C, Hungary.

Veklury™ by Gilead Sciences, Inc., containing antiviral drug, remdesivir (REM) has received emergency authorization in the USA and in Europe for COVID-19 therapy. Here, for the first time, we describe details of the non-covalent, host-guest type interaction between REM and the solubilizing excipient, sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin (SBECD) that results in significant solubility enhancement. Read More

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Gender-Specific Effects of Two Treatment Strategies in a Mouse Model of Niemann-Pick Disease Type C1.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 3;22(5). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Centre of Transdisciplinary Neuroscience Rostock, D-18147 Rostock, Germany.

In a mouse model of Niemann-Pick disease type C1 (NPC1), a combination therapy (COMBI) of miglustat (MIGLU), the neurosteroid allopregnanolone (ALLO) and the cyclic oligosaccharide 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPßCD) has previously resulted in, among other things, significantly improved motor function. The present study was designed to compare the therapeutic effects of the COMBI therapy with that of MIGLU or HPßCD alone on body and brain weight and the behavior of mice in a larger cohort, with special reference to gender differences. A total of 117 and 123 mice underwent either COMBI, MIGLU only, HPßCD only, or vehicle treatment (Sham), or received no treatment at all (None). Read More

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Facile preparation of ethanediamine-β-cyclodextrin modified capillary column for electrochromatographic enantioseparation of Dansyl amino acids.

J Chromatogr A 2021 Apr 18;1643:462082. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Key Laboratory of Combinatorial Biosynthesis and Drug Discovery, Ministry of Education, Hubei Province Engineering and Technology Research Center for Fluorinated Pharmaceuticals, and Wuhan University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China; State Key Laboratory of Transducer Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10080, China. Electronic address:

Herein, the fabrication of a fascinating multifunctional cyclodextrin (CD) chiral stationary phase and its chiral separation performance in capillary electrochromatography are proposed. A facile interfacial polymerization was used to anchor ethanediamine-β-cyclodextrin (EDA-β-CD) polymerized with trimesoyl chloride (TMC) and to form the chiral stationary phase (CSP) composite onto the surface wall of the capillary. The characters of prepared columns were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray Photoelectron Spectrometer (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDS). Read More

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Enantiomeric separation of panthenol by Capillary Electrophoresis. Analysis of commercial formulations and toxicity evaluation on non-target organisms.

J Chromatogr A 2021 Feb 20;1639:461919. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Departamento de Química Analítica, Química Física e Ingeniería Química, Universidad de Alcalá, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33.600, 28871, Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), Spain; Instituto de Investigación Química Andrés M. del Río, Universidad de Alcalá, Ctra, Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33.600, 28871, Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), Spain. Electronic address:

The first CE methodology enabling the enantiomeric separation of panthenol was developed in this work. Electrokinetic chromatography with cyclodextrins (CD-EKC) was the CE mode employed for this purpose. The effect of different experimental variables such as the nature and concentration of the cyclodextrin, the temperature and the separation voltage was investigated. Read More

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February 2021

Microencapsulation of Coenzyme Q10 and bile acids using ionic gelation vibrational jet flow technology for oral delivery.

Ther Deliv 2020 12 23;11(12):791-805. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Biotechnology & Drug Development Research Laboratory, School of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia 6102.

Developing new delivery dosage forms with robust delivery and safety profiles remains a challenge to the pharmaceutical industry in terms of optimum gut absorption, consistent dosing and bioavailability; particularly for orally administered drugs that are poorly water soluble. Coenzyme Q10 is an example of a poorly water-soluble compound with low bioavailability, and significant inter-individual variation after oral administration; limiting its optimum efficacy, as a powerful antioxidant with significant promise in treating hearing disorders. Microencapsulation technology is one way to optimize drug bioavailability and absorption profile. Read More

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December 2020

A pilot study on the preventative potential of alpha-cyclodextrin and hydroxytyrosol against SARS-CoV-2 transmission.

Acta Biomed 2020 11 9;91(13-S):e2020022. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

DESAM Institute, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Background And Aim Of The Work: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the current pandemics. This virus attacks the cells by binding to the transmembrane angiotensin I converting enzyme 2. In this study, we experimented a food supplement containing alpha-cyclodextrin and hydroxytyrosol for the improvement of the defenses against the SARS-CoV-2. Read More

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November 2020

Pilot study for the evaluation of safety profile of a potential inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 endocytosis.

Acta Biomed 2020 11 9;91(13-S):e2020009. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

MAGI'S LAB, Rovereto (TN), Italy; MAGI EUREGIO, Bolzano, Italy; EBTNA-LAB, Rovereto (TN), Italy.

Background And Aim Of The Work: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the current pandemics of coronavirus disease. This virus is able to attack the cells of the airway epithelium by binding to the transmembrane angiotensin I converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). We developed an oral spray that could inhibit the SARS-CoV-2 endocytosis. Read More

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November 2020

Effects of Sugammadex Plus Rocuronium vs Neostigmine Plus Cisatracurium During Renal Transplantation on Graft Function: A Retrospective, Case-Control Study.

Transplant Proc 2021 Apr 15;53(3):818-824. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy.

Background: Rocuronium can be used in patients with severe renal failure (creatinine clearance <30 mL/min), but the duration of muscle relaxation is longer and results in an increased risk of postoperative residual neuromuscular block. Rocuronium can be antagonized by sugammadex, but the elimination of the complex they make (rocuronium-sugammadex complex) varies according to the renal function. Two case reports/series have reported the use of rocuronium-sugammadex complex during renal transplantation. Read More

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Enantioseparation of alanyl-phenylalanine analogs by capillary electrophoresis using negatively charged cyclodextrins as chiral selectors.

J Chromatogr A 2020 Nov 25;1632:461585. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Department of Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry, Philosophenweg 14, 07743 Jena, Germany. Electronic address:

The separation of the ll- and dd-enantiomers of the dipeptides Ala-Phe, Ala-phenylglycine (Phg), Ala-homoPhe, Ala-β-Phe, Gly-Phe and β-Ala-Phe was studied by capillary electrophoresis in the presence of negatively charged α-, β- and γ-cyclodextrin (CD) derivatives. Analysis was performed under standardized conditions in fused-silica capillaries at pH 2.5, 3. Read More

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November 2020

Captisol and GS-704277, but Not GS-441524, Are Credible Mediators of Remdesivir's Nephrotoxicity.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2020 11 17;64(12). Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Cancer Systems Imaging, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer, Houston, Texas, USA.

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November 2020

Synthesis and characterization of antibacterial polylactic acid film incorporated with cinnamaldehyde inclusions for fruit packaging.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 Dec 15;164:4547-4555. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

School of Light Industry & Food Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China.

To maintain the quality of postharvest fruits continuously and meet the health requirements of consumers, a high barrier and long-lasting antibacterial polylactic acid film as packaging material was developed in this study. Polylactic acid-based antibacterial films incorporated with Cinnamaldehyde inclusions were used to achieve long-lasting antibacterial activity and improve the barrier properties. Cinnamaldehyde inclusions were prepared via the inclusion method and used as a sustained-release antibacterial agent and reinforcement to be incorporated into polylactic acid-based films within a concentration range of 0-30 wt%. Read More

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December 2020

Removal of Remdesivir's Metabolite GS-441524 by Hemodialysis in a Double Lung Transplant Recipient with COVID-19.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2020 10 20;64(11). Epub 2020 Oct 20.

AP-HP, Bichat Claude Bernard Hospital, Pharmacology-Toxicology Department, Paris, France.

Remdesivir has reported efficacy against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and Drug-drug interactions limit therapeutic options in transplant patients. Remdesivir and its metabolite GS-441524 are excreted principally in urine. In intensive care unit (ICU) settings, in which multiple-organ dysfunctions can occur rapidly, hemodialysis may be a viable option for maintaining remdesivir treatment, while improving tolerance, by removing both remdesivir's metabolite (GS-441524) and sulfobutylether β-cyclodextrin sodium (SEBCD). Read More

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October 2020

Preparation of crystalline nanocellulose/hydroxypropyl β cyclodextrin/carboxymethyl cellulose polyelectrolyte complexes and their controlled release of neohesperidin-copper (II) in vitro.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 Nov 6;163:1518-1528. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

School of Food Science & Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510641, PR China.

A natural hydrogel film was prepared using carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), and hydroxypropyl β cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) as reactants and citric acid as the cross-linking agent and used for the controlled release of neohesperidin-copper(II)(NH-Cu (II)). The hydrogel film was characterized by ATR-FTIR, XRD, TGA and DSC. The film showed controlled swelling behavior; the release behavior of NH-Cu(II) from the hydrogel film was also investigated in different solutions including distilled water, various salt solutions including 0. Read More

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November 2020

β-Cyclodextrin-modified hyaluronic acid-based supramolecular self-assemblies for pH- and esterase- dual-responsive drug delivery.

Carbohydr Polym 2020 Oct 18;246:116654. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Polymer Science & Technology, OME Key Laboratory of Supernormal Material Physics & Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, 710072, China. Electronic address:

Although some drug-based supramolecular systems have been constructed to overcome multidrug resistance and enhance the bioavailability of chemical drugs, strengthening the specific stimuli-responsive and active targeting ability of these systems is still a major challenge. In this paper, the synthesis and self-assembly behaviour of supramolecular self-assemblies with active targeting β-cyclodextrin-modified hyaluronic acid (HA-CD) and drug-drug conjugates (curcumin-oxoplatin, Cur-Pt) as building moieties were carefully investigated. Notably, the curcumin was chosen not only as the chemical anti-cancer drug, but also acted as the guest molecule which could be included into CD cavity to form host-guest interaction-based supramolecular assemblies. Read More

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October 2020

Carboxymethyl β-cyclodextrin grafted carboxymethyl chitosan hydrogel-based microparticles for oral insulin delivery.

Carbohydr Polym 2020 Oct 15;246:116617. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Biology & Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology, Institute of Marine Sciences, College of Science, Shantou University, Shantou, Guangdong, 515063, PR China.

This study was aimed at utilizing polysaccharides for the development of effective hydrogel microparticles for oral insulin delivery that has a controlled, and sustained release to enhance paracellular transcellular absorption. Carboxymethyl β-cyclodextrin grafted carboxymethyl chitosan hydrogels (CMCD-g-CMCs) were prepared from carboxymethyl β-cyclodextrin (CMCD) and carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC) using a water-soluble carbodiimide as a crosslinker in the presence of N-hydroxysuccinimide. After synthesis, the hydrogel structures were determined via FT-IR and XRD analyses. Read More

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October 2020

Supramolecular Interactions in Hybrid Polylactide Blends-The Structures, Mechanisms and Properties.

Molecules 2020 Jul 23;25(15). Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Centre of Molecular and Macromolecular Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Sienkiewicza 112, 90-363 Łódź, Poland.

The conformation of polylactide (PLA) chains can be adjusted by supramolecular interactions (the formation of hydrogen bonds or host-guest complexes) with appropriate organic molecules. The structures formed due to those intermolecular interactions may act as crystal nuclei in the PLA matrix ("soft templating"). In this review, the properties of several supramolecular nucleating systems based on synthetic organic nucleators (arylamides, hydrazides, and 1,3:2,4-dibenzylidene-d-sorbitol) are compared to those achieved with biobased nucleating agents (orotic acid, humic acids, fulvic acids, nanocellulose, and cyclodextrins) that can also improve the mechanical properties of PLA. Read More

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Modified solid lipid nanoparticles encapsulated with Amphotericin B and Paromomycin: an effective oral combination against experimental murine visceral leishmaniasis.

Sci Rep 2020 07 22;10(1):12243. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Infectious Disease Biology Laboratory, Chemical Biology Unit, Institute of Nano Science and Technology, Habitat Centre, Phase 10, Sector 64, Mohali, Punjab, 160062, India.

The development of an effective oral therapeutics is an immediate need for the control and elimination of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). We exemplify the preparation and optimization of 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) modified solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) based oral combinational cargo system of Amphotericin B (AmB) and Paromomycin (PM) against murine VL. The emulsion solvent evaporation method was employed to prepare HPCD modified dual drug-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (m-DDSLNs). Read More

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Direct chromatographic methods for enantioresolution of amino acids: recent developments.

Amino Acids 2020 Jul 15;52(6-7):849-862. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

International Research Center on D-Amino Acids DAAIR, via Lepetit 34, 21040, Gerenzano, VA, Italy.

α-Amino acids are present in two opposite configurations due to the presence of a central carbon atom which is a chiral center. While L-amino acids are present in large amount in nature, only tiny quantities of their D-enantiomers exist. For a long time, D-amino acids have been considered of bacterial origin only, but recently we realized that they are present in all living organisms: notably, D-amino acids play specific and relevant functions in the different organisms. Read More

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Feature-Based Molecular Networking Analysis of the Metabolites Produced by Solid-State Fermentation Reveals Pathways for the Bioconversion of Epigallocatechin Gallate.

J Agric Food Chem 2020 Jul 15;68(30):7995-8007. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

State Key Laboratory of Tea Plant Biology and Utilization, Anhui Agricultural University, 130 Changjiang West Road, Hefei 230036, Anhui, P. R. China.

Dark teas are prepared by a microbial fermentation process. Flavan-3-ol B-ring fission analogues (FBRFAs) are some of the key bioactive constituents that characterize dark teas. The precursors and the synthetic mechanism involved in the formation of FBRFAs are not known. Read More

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Nitrative DNA damage in lung epithelial cells exposed to indium nanoparticles and indium ions.

Sci Rep 2020 07 1;10(1):10741. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Department of Environmental and Molecular Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Tsu, Mie, Japan.

Indium compounds have been widely used in manufacturing displays of mobile phones, computers and televisions. However, inhalation exposure to indium compounds causes interstitial pneumonia in exposed workers and lung cancer in experimental animals. 8-Nitroguanine (8-nitroG) is a mutagenic DNA lesion formed under inflammatory conditions and may participate in indium-induced carcinogenesis. Read More

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Hierarchical porous nanofibers containing thymol/beta-cyclodextrin: Physico-chemical characterization and potential biomedical applications.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Oct 5;115:111155. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

As an effective natural antibacterial component, the low water solubility of thymol (THY) has stemmed its potential in biomedical application. Here, β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and THY were self-assembled to form water-soluble inclusion complex (IC). The successful formation of IC was confirmed via H NMR. Read More

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October 2020

Identification of Brain-Specific Treatment Effects in NPC1 Disease by Focusing on Cellular and Molecular Changes of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Metabolism.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jun 24;21(12). Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Research Group Anatomy, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany.

Niemann-Pick type C1 (NPC1) is a lysosomal storage disorder, inherited as an autosomal-recessive trait. Mutations in the gene result in malfunction of the NPC1 protein, leading to an accumulation of unesterified cholesterol and glycosphingolipids. Beside visceral symptoms like hepatosplenomegaly, severe neurological symptoms such as ataxia occur. Read More

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Enantioseparation and Determination of Mephedrone and Its Metabolites by Capillary Electrophoresis Using Cyclodextrins as Chiral Selectors.

Molecules 2020 Jun 23;25(12). Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Forensic Laboratory of Biologically Active Substances, Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague, Technická 5, 166 28 Prague 6, Czech Republic.

Mephedrone, a psychoactive compound derived from cathinone, is widely used as a designer drug. The determination of mephedrone and its metabolites is important for understanding its possible use in medicine. In this work, a method of capillary electrophoresis for the chiral separation of mephedrone and its metabolites was developed. Read More

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Characterization and Evaluation of Ternary Complexes of Ascorbic Acid with γ-Cyclodextrin and Poly(vinyl Alcohol).

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Jun 20;21(12). Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Iceland, Hofsvallagata 53, IS-107 Reykjavik, Iceland.

Ascorbic acid (AA) is a general antioxidant used in aqueous pharmaceutical formulations. However, in aqueous solutions, AA is unstable and easily oxidized when exposed to air, light and/or heat. Cyclodextrins are well known for their ability to form inclusion complexes with various compounds to improve their solubility and stability. Read More

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Chiral separation of four phenothiazines by nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis and quality by design-based method development for quantification of dextromepromazine as chiral impurity of levomepromazine.

J Chromatogr A 2020 Aug 19;1624:461232. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Philosophenweg 14, 07743 Jena, Germany. Electronic address:

The separation of the enantiomers of mepromazine, promethazine, thioridazine and alimemazine was studied by nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis in the presence of cyclodextrins using 1 M acetic acid and 50 mM ammonium acetate in methanol as background electrolyte. Heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-cyclodextrin, heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-cyclodextrin (HDMS-β-CD) and octakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-γ-cyclodextrin were the most effective chiral selectors for mepromazine, promethazine and alimemazine. Subsequently, a method for the determination of dextromepromazine as chiral impurity of levomepromazine was developed employing quality by design principles. Read More

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A sensitive and visual molecularly imprinted fluorescent sensor incorporating CaF quantum dots and β-cyclodextrins for 5-hydroxymethylfurfural detection.

Anal Chim Acta 2020 Aug 15;1124:113-120. Epub 2020 May 15.

School of Pharmacy, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China. Electronic address:

Calcium fluoride (CaF) quantum dots have many applications in various fields. But there is no report on fluorescent characteristics of CaF quantum dots (CaF QDs). Here, a synthesis of multiple-color emission CaF QDs by changing the temperature, time and raw ratio is reported, by which the CaF QDs with purple, blue, green, and yellow emission can be obtained, respectively. Read More

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Enantioselective analysis in complex matrices using capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry: A case study of the botanical drug Corydalis Rhizoma.

J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci 2020 Sep 5;1152:122216. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Chemistry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada. Electronic address:

Enantioselective analysis is critically important in the pharmaceutical and agricultural industries. However, most of the methods reported were developed for the analysis of pure racemates acquired from chemical synthesis or purification. Direct analysis of chiral enantiomers in complex matrices has rarely been reported. Read More

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September 2020