Lancet Infect Dis 2021 Feb 1. Epub 2021 Feb 1.
Service des Urgences et SAMU 86 Centre 15, CHU de Poitiers, France; Université de Poitiers, UFR de Médecine-Pharmacie, Poitiers, France; INSERM U1070, Pharmacologie des Agents Anti-Infectieux, Poitiers, France. Electronic address:
Background: Two billion peripheral venous catheters are sold globally each year, but the optimal skin disinfection and types of devices are not well established. We aimed to show the superiority of disinfection with 2% chlorhexidine plus alcohol over 5% povidone iodine plus alcohol in preventing infectious complications, and of closed integrated catheters, positive displacement needleless-connectors, disinfecting caps, and single-use prefilled flush syringes used in combination (innovation group) over open catheters and three-way stopcocks for treatment administration (standard group) in preventing catheter failure.
Methods: We did an open-label, randomised-controlled trial with a two-by-two factorial design, for which we enrolled adults (age ≥18 years) visiting the emergency department at the Poitiers University Hospital, France, and requiring one peripheral venous catheter before admission to the medical wards. Read More