167 results match your criteria "sunburst" digital


Immunodeficiency, Centromeric Region Instability, and Facial Anomalies Syndrome (ICF) in a Boy with Variable Clinical and Immunological Presentations.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2021 Apr 17;20(2):249-254. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Immunodeficiency, centromeric instability, and facial anomalies (ICF) syndrome is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder characterized by recurrent infections and low immunoglobulin levels due to variable combined immunodeficiency, and centromeric region instability, and facial dysmorphism. We describe a 12-year-old boy with recurrent respiratory tract infections, facial anomalies, scoliosis, and psychomotor retardation. He had recurrent pneumonia with low serum IgG and IgM levels during infancy and preschool age. Read More

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Utility of multiparametric pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging in differentiation of chordoid meningioma from the other histopathological subtypes of meningioma-a retrospective study.

Neuroradiology 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, 560029, India.

Purpose: To determine the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features which could pre-operatively differentiate chordoid meningioma (CM) from other histopathological subtypes of meningioma.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of pre-operative MRI of cases with histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of meningioma during the last 5 years at our institute was done. T1W, T2W, FLAIR sequences, and post-contrast enhancement were evaluated on a qualitative scale. Read More

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A unique case of multiple calvarial hemangiomas with one large symplastic hemangioma.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jan 19;21(1):29. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Medical Genetics, Umm-Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Symplastic hemangioma is a benign superficial abnormal buildup of blood vessels, with morphological features which can mimic a pseudo malignancy. A few cases have been reported in the literature. We report here, a unique case of calvarial symplastic hemangioma, which is the first case in the calvarial region. Read More

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January 2021

Characterizing and Visualizing Display and Task Fragmentation in the Electronic Health Record: Mixed Methods Design.

JMIR Hum Factors 2020 Oct 21;7(4):e18484. Epub 2020 Oct 21.

School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada.

Background: The complexity of health care data and workflow presents challenges to the study of usability in electronic health records (EHRs). Display fragmentation refers to the distribution of relevant data across different screens or otherwise far apart, requiring complex navigation for the user's workflow. Task and information fragmentation also contribute to cognitive burden. Read More

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October 2020

Preferences for breast cancer prevention among women with a or mutation.

Hered Cancer Clin Pract 2020 29;18:20. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

AbbVie Inc, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Women with a or mutation have high lifetime risks of developing breast and ovarian cancer. The decision to embark on risk reduction strategies is a difficult and personal one. We surveyed an international group of women with mutations and measured choices and sequence of breast cancer risk reduction strategies. Read More

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September 2020

Pheochromocytoma Metastasing to the Jaw: Review of the Literature and New Case.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2020 Sep 30;11(3):433-437. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Vakilabad Blvd., Mashhad, Iran.

Pleochromocytoma is a benign neuroectodermal tumor of the adrenal medulla. Ten to thirty percent of these tumors become metastatic. The bone is the most frequent site for metastasis but jaw involvement is reported rarely. Read More

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September 2020

Neuromodulation With Burst and Tonic Stimulation Decreases Opioid Consumption: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Success Using Neuromodulation With BURST (SUNBURST) Randomized Controlled Trial.

Neuromodulation 2021 Jan 14;24(1):135-141. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic Hospital, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Objective: The SUNBURST study was a prospective, multicenter, randomized crossover trial of a single device delivering burst and tonic spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for chronic trunk and/or limb pain. We performed a post hoc analysis of opioid consumption at baseline and after device implantation.

Materials And Methods: After implantation, 100 patients were randomized to one mode (tonic or burst) for 12 weeks, and the other mode for the subsequent 12 weeks. Read More

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January 2021

Physical and phytochemical composition of 23 Portuguese sweet cherries as conditioned by variety (or genotype).

Food Chem 2021 Jan 24;335:127637. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

CICS-UBI - Health Sciences Research Center, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal. Electronic address:

This study aimed to analyze physicochemical characteristics and phenolic profile of twenty-three sweet cherry cultivars from Fundão region, Portugal. The average length and width ranged between 1.9 and 2. Read More

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January 2021

Hemoglobin S/O: Retinal Manifestations of a Rare Hemoglobinopathy.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2020 May-Aug;11(2):189-195. Epub 2020 May 27.

Harvey and Bernice Jones Eye Institute, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.

Hemoglobin S/OArab (Hgb S/OArab) disease is a rare hemoglobinopathy which presents similarly to sickle cell retinopathy, with only three prior reports that describe associated retinal findings. In this report, we present ophthalmic examination findings in 2 patients with Hgb S/OArab. One patient exhibited peripheral ischemia and sunburst lesions without neovascular disease, and the other patient developed proliferative retinopathy of both eyes and multiple posterior-pole branch retinal artery occlusions in one eye. Read More

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[Successful Total Resection with Preceding Arterial Coil Embolization of Intradural Extramedullary Tumor at Craniovertebral Junction Encasing Dominant-side Vertebral Artery].

No Shinkei Geka 2020 Jun;48(6):509-514

Department of Neurosurgery, Otaru General Hospital.

Objective: The surgical resection of craniovertebral junction(CVJ)meningioma is challenging because of the neighboring brainstem, lower cranial nerves, and vertebral artery(VA). Moreover, encasement of the VA by the tumor can raise the risk of complications and require cautious manipulation during surgery.

Case: A 46-year-old woman presented with a one-year history of neck pain. Read More

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Rib Plasmacytoma With Unusual Sunburst Periosteal Reaction.

Clin Nucl Med 2020 Jun;45(6):461-462

From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

A 39-year-old man presented with progressive painful swelling on the left chest since 6 months. Examination revealed osseous consistency mass. CT of the thorax suggested mass arising from left fourth rib with intrathoracic and extrathoracic soft tissue components. Read More

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Mining and visualizing high-order directional drug interaction effects using the FAERS database.

BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2020 03 18;20(Suppl 2):50. Epub 2020 Mar 18.

Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Background: Adverse drug events (ADEs) often occur as a result of drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The use of data mining for detecting effects of drug combinations on ADE has attracted growing attention and interest, however, most studies focused on analyzing pairwise DDIs. Recent efforts have been made to explore the directional relationships among high-dimensional drug combinations and have shown effectiveness on prediction of ADE risk. Read More

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Ocular Manifestations of Sickle Cell Disease: Signs, Symptoms and Complications.

Ophthalmic Epidemiol 2020 08 3;27(4):259-264. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

Department of Urology, Jordanian Royal Medical Services , Amman, Jordan.

Background: Sickle cell disease is an inherited hematological disorder that can affect any organ in the body including the eyes (1-6). Previous studies on ocular manifestations of sickle cell disease generally included samples of less than 100 patients. In this study, we aim to assess the frequency of different ocular signs, symptoms and complications among sickle cell disease patients. Read More

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Case study of radial fibrolamellar bone tissues in the outer cortex of basal sauropods.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2020 03 13;375(1793):20190143. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Department of Geology, Université de Liège, 14 Allée du 6 Aout, Liège 4000, Belgium.

The histology of sauropod long bones often appears uniform and conservative along their evolutionary tree. One of the main aspects of their bone histology is to exhibit a fibrolamellar complex in the cortex of their long bones. Here, we report another bone tissue, the radial fibrolamellar bone (RFB), in the outer cortex of the humeri of a young adult cf. Read More

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The Rare Radiographic Sunburst Appearance of Odontogenic Myxomas: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Head Neck Pathol 2020 Dec 4;14(4):1105-1110. Epub 2020 Jan 4.

Mount Sinai Hospital, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY, 10029, USA.

Odontogenic myxomas often have a distinctive radiographic presentation described as a "soap bubble", "tennis racket", or "honeycomb" pattern. Less frequently, examples of odontogenic myxomas with a "sunray" or "sunburst" pattern have been reported. Because malignant entities such as osteosarcomas more classically present with a sunray/sunburst appearance, odontogenic myxomas are rarely considered in the radiographic differential diagnosis of a sunburst lesion. Read More

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December 2020

Potential Therapeutic Effect of Low Amplitude Burst Spinal Cord Stimulation on Pain.

Neuromodulation 2021 Apr 18;24(3):574-580. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Trinity Institute of Neuroscience, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: The SUNBURST Study, a USA-based controlled cross-over trial demonstrated that burst spinal cord stimulation was superior compared to tonic stimulation in suppressing chronic intractable pain. However, when on burst stimulation, participants preferred lower to higher amplitudes. This led to the hypothesis that lower burst amplitudes will correlate with lower pain scores while higher amplitudes will be associated with higher pain scores. Read More

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Chest imaging using signs, symbols, and naturalistic images: a practical guide for radiologists and non-radiologists.

Insights Imaging 2019 Dec 4;10(1):114. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Medical Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies "GF Ingrassia" - Radiology Unit I, University Hospital "Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele", 95123, Catania, Italy.

Several imaging findings of thoracic diseases have been referred-on chest radiographs or CT scans-to signs, symbols, or naturalistic images. Most of these imaging findings include the air bronchogram sign, the air crescent sign, the arcade-like sign, the atoll sign, the cheerios sign, the crazy paving appearance, the comet-tail sign, the darkus bronchus sign, the doughnut sign, the pattern of eggshell calcifications, the feeding vessel sign, the finger-in-gloove sign, the galaxy sign, the ginkgo leaf sign, the Golden-S sign, the halo sign, the headcheese sign, the honeycombing appearance, the interface sign, the knuckle sign, the monod sign, the mosaic attenuation, the Oreo-cookie sign, the polo-mint sign, the presence of popcorn calcifications, the positive bronchus sign, the railway track appearance, the scimitar sign, the signet ring sign, the snowstorm sign, the sunburst sign, the tree-in-bud distribution, and the tram truck line appearance. These associations are very helpful for radiologists and non-radiologists and increase learning and assimilation of concepts. Read More

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December 2019

Gravitational lensing reveals ionizing ultraviolet photons escaping from a distant galaxy.

Science 2019 Nov;366(6466):738-741

Massachusetts Institute of Technology-Kavli Center for Astrophysics and Space Research, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.

During the epoch of reionization, neutral gas in the early Universe was ionized by hard ultraviolet radiation emitted by young stars in the first galaxies. To do so, ionizing ultraviolet photons must escape from the host galaxy. We present observations of the gravitationally lensed post-reionization galaxy PSZ1-ARC G311. Read More

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November 2019

Online community collaborative map: A geospatial and data visualization tool for cancer data.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 May;98(20):e15521

Department of Public Health and Institute of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University.

The aim of this study was to develop an online collaborative map to enable researchers to locate, explore, and share cancer data.This 2-scale (global and country-level) cancer map adopts a database-driven model, which was implemented using the Google Map Application Programming Interface (API) and asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX) technology. Seven visualization techniques were used to present data. Read More

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Diagnostic evaluation and treatment of primary breast osteosarcoma: A case report.

Breast J 2019 07 11;25(4):709-711. Epub 2019 May 11.

Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Primary breast osteosarcoma (PBO) is a rare tumor of the breast, with only case reports and small case series published in the literature. Classic imaging findings of sunburst calcifications, a rim of intermediate density, and intense uptake on bone scintigraphy can help make the correct diagnosis preoperatively, allowing for appropriate surgical and chemotherapeutic management. We present the imaging evaluation, treatment course, and follow-up of a case of PBO diagnosed in a 67-year-old patient. Read More

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Colorectal Peritoneal Metastases: A Systematic Review of Current and Emerging Trends in Clinical and Translational Research.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2019 1;2019:5180895. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Department of Surgery & Cancer, Imperial College London, 10th Floor, QEQM Building, St Mary's Hospital, South Wharf Road, London W2 1NY, UK.

Colorectal peritoneal metastases (CPM) are associated with abbreviated survival and significantly impaired quality of life. In patients with CPM, radical multimodality treatment consisting of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has demonstrated oncological superiority over systemic chemotherapy alone. In highly selected patients undergoing CRS + HIPEC, overall survival of over 60% has been reported in some series. Read More

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Spinal Cord Stimulation: Comparing Traditional Low-frequency Tonic Waveforms to Novel High Frequency and Burst Stimulation for the Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain.

Curr Pain Headache Rep 2019 Mar 14;23(4):25. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The purpose of the present investigation is to summarize supporting evidence for novel sub-perception spinal cord stimulation (SCS) therapy over traditional paresthesia inducing low-frequency waveforms for the treatment of chronic pain. The focus of this review is to summarize key studies comparing traditional low-frequency tonic waveforms to modern high frequency and burst stimulation for the treatment of patients with chronic intractable low back pain and/or leg pain.

Recent Findings: Several recent studies have demonstrated the benefit of novel SCS therapies over traditional low-frequency SCS for the treatment of patients with chronic low back and/or leg pain. Read More

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Use of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry on sweet cherries to determine phenolic compounds in peel and flesh.

J Sci Food Agric 2019 May 18;99(7):3555-3562. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Beijing Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Beijing Research Center for Agricultural Standards and Testing, Beijing, China.

Backgound: Sweet cherries (Prunus avium L.) are rich in polyphenols and have high antioxidant potential. This study deals with the use of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry on five cherry cultivars, namely Caihong, Sunburst, Summit, 23-51 and Valeri, to determine the free, conjugated and bound phenolics in peel and flesh. Read More

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Two case reports on Mandibular metastases.

Ghana Med J 2018 Sep;52(3):168-172

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Lagos State, Nigeria.

Metastatic tumours of the oral cavity are not common. The most common site for bone metastases in the head and neck region is the mandible. Metastatic lesion of the mandible most commonly originate from the lungs in men and breast in women, and these lesions (or tumours) usually are carcinomas rather than sarcomas. Read More

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September 2018

Cultivar and phosphorus effects on switchgrass yield and rhizosphere microbial diversity.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2019 Feb 7;103(4):1973-1987. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Soil, Water and Climate, University of Minnesota, 439 Borlaug Hall, 1991 Upper Buford Circle, St. Paul, MN, 55108, USA.

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a native perennial grass identified as a promising biofuel crop for production on marginal agricultural lands. As such, research into switchgrass fertility and the switchgrass rhizosphere microbiome has been ongoing in an effort to increase production sustainability. Read More

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February 2019

An Ancient Skeleton with Multiple Osteoblastic Bone Lesions Containing a Scapular Sunburst Appearance from a 5th-6th Century Grave Excavated in Oita, Japan.

Biomed Res Int 2018 6;2018:1659510. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Department of Macroscopic Anatomy, Graduate School of Biomedical Science, Nagasaki University, Japan.

A human skeleton of a middle-aged adult male was found in a 5th-6th century Kinoue-Kodo stone coffin excavated from the southwest marginal region of the Oita plains, northeast Kyushu, Japan. The skeleton was buried respectfully in the ancient tomb, and red pigment was applied to his face after death. We report herein findings from computed tomography imaging of the skeleton and discuss the multiple osteoblastic lesions identified in the humerus, scapula, clavicle, vertebra, pelvic bones, and skull of this individual. Read More

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January 2019

Exploring Genetic Data Across Individuals: Design and Evaluation of a Novel Comparative Report Tool.

J Med Internet Res 2018 09 24;20(9):e10297. Epub 2018 Sep 24.

Open Humans Foundation, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: The growth in the availability of personal genomic data to nonexperts poses multiple challenges to human-computer interaction research; data are highly sensitive, complex, and have health implications for individuals and families. However, there has been little research on how nonexpert users explore their genomic data.

Objective: We focus on how to support nonexperts in exploring and comparing their own personal genomic report with those of other people. Read More

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September 2018

Individual variation in human navigation.

Authors:
Nora S Newcombe

Curr Biol 2018 09;28(17):R1004-R1008

Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA. Electronic address:

The cognitive map view of navigation posits that humans and other species represent space in a format that encodes the distances and directions among locations in relation to external reference frames such as boundaries and landmarks. Such an allocentric representation is combined with egocentric representations that track a navigator's position over movement. Jointly, these systems enable the flexible planning of routes, including shortcuts, detours, and paths between two locations not formerly travelled. Read More

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September 2018

Can imaging distinguish between low-grade and dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma?

J Chin Med Assoc 2018 Oct 3;81(10):912-919. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: Most instances of the parosteal osteosarcoma (OGS) are low-grade tumors. However, some parosteal OGSs undergo dedifferentiated transformation. Dedifferentiated parosteal OGS can cause distant metastasis and poor survival, and preoperative chemotherapy may be warranted. Read More

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October 2018