7,533 results match your criteria "gemma

Psychiatric Outcomes of Childhood Maltreatment: A Retrospective Chart Review from a Children's Psychiatric Inpatient Program.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Childhood maltreatment is linked to deleterious outcomes, whereby post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been identified as one of the most debilitating. This retrospective chart review examined whether self-reported affective measures (anxiety, depression, trauma), type of maltreatment (sexual, physical, emotional/verbal abuses), and demographics predicted a diagnosis of anxiety or PTSD among 169 children in a psychiatric inpatient hospital. Secondly, this study identified significant predictors of a PTSD diagnosis. Read More

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White matter integrity in a rat model of epileptogenesis: structural connectomics and fixel-based analysis.

Brain Connect 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Ghent University Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, 86795, Gent, Belgium;

Introduction: Electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that large-scale brain networks are affected during the development of epilepsy. These networks can be investigated using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). The most commonly used model to analyze dMRI is diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Read More

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Phenotyping spontaneous locomotor activity in inbred and outbred mouse strains by using Digital Ventilated Cages.

Lab Anim (NY) 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Mouse strains differ markedly in all behaviors, independently of their genetic background. We undertook this study to disentangle the diurnal activity and feature key aspects of three non-genetically altered mouse strains widely used in research, C57BL/6NCrl (inbred), BALB/cAnNCrl (inbred) and CRL:CD1(ICR) (outbred). With this aim, we conducted a longitudinal analysis of the spontaneous locomotor activity of the mice during a 24-h period for 2 months, in two different periods of the year to reduce the seasonality effect. Read More

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Cognitive and neurological outcome of patients in the Dutch pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy (PDE-ALDH7A1) cohort, a cross-sectional study.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2021 Jun 7;33:112-120. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Paediatric Neurology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: Pyridoxine monotherapy in PDE-ALDH7A1 often results in adequate seizure control, but neurodevelopmental outcome varies. Detailed long-term neurological outcome is unknown. Here we present the cognitive and neurological features of the Dutch PDE-ALDH7A1 cohort. Read More

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The European multistakeholder PanCareFollowUp project: novel, person-centred survivorship care to improve care quality, effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and accessibility for cancer survivors and caregivers.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Jun 18;153:74-85. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Princess Máxima Centre for Paediatric Oncology, Heidelberglaan 25, Utrecht, 3584 CS, the Netherlands.

Background: The majority of childhood cancer survivors are at risk of treatment-related adverse health outcomes. Survivorship care to mitigate these late effects is endorsed, but it is not available for many adult survivors of childhood cancer in Europe. The PanCareFollowUp project was initiated to improve their health and quality of life (QoL) by facilitating person-centred survivorship care. Read More

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Physical Functioning After Admission to the PICU: A Scoping Review.

Crit Care Explor 2021 Jun 15;3(6):e0462. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Centre of Expertise Urban Vitality, Faculty of Health, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: To conduct a scoping review to 1) describe findings and determinants of physical functioning in children during and/or after PICU stay, 2) identify which domains of physical functioning are measured, 3) and synthesize the clinical and research knowledge gaps.

Data Sources: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Cochrane Library databases following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses extension for Scoping Reviews guidelines.

Study Selection: Two investigators independently screened and included studies against predetermined criteria. Read More

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Early Development of Locomotor Patterns and Motor Control in Very Young Children at High Risk of Cerebral Palsy, a Longitudinal Case Series.

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 3;15:659415. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam Universitair Medisch Centrum, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The first years of life might be critical for encouraging independent walking in children with cerebral palsy (CP). We sought to identify mechanisms that may underlie the impaired development of walking in three young children with early brain lesions, at high risk of CP, via comprehensive instrumented longitudinal assessments of locomotor patterns and muscle activation during walking. We followed three children (P1-P3) with early brain lesions, at high risk of CP, during five consecutive gait analysis sessions covering a period of 1 to 2 years, starting before the onset of independent walking, and including the session during the first independent steps. Read More

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Corrigendum to "Gestational diabetes and progression to type two diabetes mellitus: missed opportunities of follow up and prevention?" [Prim. Care Diabetes 14 (6) (2020) 698-702].

Prim Care Diabetes 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Nuffield Department of Reproductive Health, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

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The lived experience of people with obesity: study protocol for a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative studies.

Syst Rev 2021 Jun 21;10(1):181. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

School of Education, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Background: Obesity is a prevalent, complex, progressive and relapsing chronic disease characterised by abnormal or excessive body fat that impairs health and quality of life. It affects more than 650 million adults worldwide and is associated with a range of health complications. Qualitative research plays a key role in understanding patient experiences and the factors that facilitate or hinder the effectiveness of health interventions. Read More

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Antibiotics in pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: a systematic review.

Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: : Current available therapies in pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) target the immune system and often fail to sustain long term remission. Therefore, there is a high need for development of alternative treatment strategies such as antibiotics in pediatric IBD.

Areas Covered: : This study systematically assessed efficacy and safety of antibiotics in pediatric IBD. Read More

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Similar sports participation as the general population in Dutch persons with haemophilia; results from a nationwide study.

Haemophilia 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Van Creveldkliniek, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Although sports participation is advocated in people with haemophilia (PWH), detailed data concerning sports participation in Dutch PWH is lacking.

Aim: to assess sports participation in Dutch PWH (6-65 years) compared to the Dutch general population (GP).

Methods: Data from a nationwide, cross-sectional study in PWH were analysed. Read More

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Evaluating the safety of two human experimental intestinal ischemia reperfusion models: A retrospective observational study.

PLoS One 2021 18;16(6):e0253506. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology and Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Background: We developed a jejunal and colonic experimental human ischemia-reperfusion (IR) model to study pathophysiological intestinal IR mechanisms and potential new intestinal ischemia biomarkers. Our objective was to evaluate the safety of these IR models by comparing patients undergoing surgery with and without in vivo intestinal IR.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed comparing complication rates and severity, based on the Clavien-Dindo classification system, in patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy with (n = 10) and without (n = 20 matched controls) jejunal IR or colorectal surgery with (n = 10) and without (n = 20 matched controls) colon IR. Read More

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Effectiveness of BNT162b2 vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 among healthcare workers.

Med Lav 2021 Jun 15;112(3):250-255. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Unit of Occupational Health, Hygiene, Toxicology and Prevention, ASST Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy. Unit of Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene, DSMC, University of Brescia, Italy.

Background:  The present study was aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of BNT162b2 among HCWs of a university hospital while a recrudescence of pandemics was hitting the province, with a high rate of the B.1.1. Read More

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Neutropenia and intellectual disability are hallmarks of biallelic and de novo CLPB deficiency.

Genet Med 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

United for Metabolic Diseases (UMD), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: To investigate monoallelic CLPB variants. Pathogenic variants in many genes cause congenital neutropenia. While most patients exhibit isolated hematological involvement, biallelic CLPB variants underlie a neurological phenotype ranging from nonprogressive intellectual disability to prenatal encephalopathy with progressive brain atrophy, movement disorder, cataracts, 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, and neutropenia. Read More

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Maturation of the preterm gastrointestinal tract can be defined by host and microbial markers for digestion and barrier defense.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 17;11(1):12808. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Laboratory of Microbiology, Wageningen University and Research, Stippeneng 4, 6708 WE, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Functionality of the gastrointestinal tract is essential for growth and development of newborns. Preterm infants have an immature gastrointestinal tract, which is a major challenge in neonatal care. This study aims to improve the understanding of gastrointestinal functionality and maturation during the early life of preterm infants by means of gastrointestinal enzyme activity assays and metaproteomics. Read More

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Long-term effects of a modified, low-protein infant formula on growth and body composition: Follow-up of a randomized, double-blind, equivalence trial.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 27;40(6):3914-3921. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, LMU University Hospitals, LMU - Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background & Aim: High protein intake in early life is associated with an increased risk of childhood obesity. Feeding a modified lower-protein (mLP) infant formula (1.7 g protein/100 kcal) until the age of 6 months is safe and supports adequate growth. Read More

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Defective Neutrophil Transendothelial Migration and Lateral Motility in ARPC1B Deficiency Under Flow Conditions.

Front Immunol 2021 31;12:678030. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Blood Cell Research, Sanquin Research, AUMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The actin-related protein (ARP) 2/3 complex, essential for organizing and nucleating branched actin filaments, is required for several cellular immune processes, including cell migration and granule exocytosis. Recently, genetic defects in ARPC1B, a subunit of this complex, were reported. Mutations in result in defective ARP2/3-dependent actin filament branching, leading to a combined immunodeficiency with severe inflammation. Read More

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Child outcomes after induction of labour or expectant management in women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes between 34 and 37 weeks of gestation: study protocol of the PPROMEXIL Follow-up trial. A long-term follow-up study of the randomised controlled trials PPROMEXIL and PPROMEXIL-2.

BMJ Open 2021 06 15;11(6):e046046. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amsterdam Reproduction & Development, Amsterdam UMC Location AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Late preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM between 34 and 36 weeks gestational age) is an important clinical dilemma. Previously, two large Dutch randomised controlled trials (RCTs) compared induction of labour (IoL) to expectant management (EM). Both trials showed that early delivery does not reduce the risk of neonatal sepsis as compared with EM, although prematurity-related risks might increase. Read More

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Measured energy expenditure in mildly hypothermic critically ill patients with traumatic brain injury: A sub-study of a randomized controlled trial.

Clin Nutr 2021 May 24;40(6):3875-3882. Epub 2021 May 24.

Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre, School of Public Health and Preventative Medicine, Monash University, St Kilda Road, Melbourne, 3004, Australia; Intensive Care Unit, The Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Melbourne, 3004, Australia.

Background & Aims: Prophylactic hypothermia, often used in critically ill patients with traumatic brain injury, reduces energy expenditure and may affect energy delivered by nutrition therapy. The primary objective of this study was to measure energy expenditure in hypothermic patients over the first 3 days after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Secondary objectives included comparison of measured energy expenditure and nutrition delivery to day 7. Read More

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Reliable detection of subtypes of nailfold capillary haemorrhages in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus.

Clin Exp Rheumatol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Ghent University, and Department of Rheumatology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.

Objectives: In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), it is necessary to obtain biomarkers that predict cardiovascular complications due to premature atherosclerosis, which is related to endothelial dysfunction. Nailfold capillary abnormalities might be a biomarker for endothelial dysfunction. In adults and children with SLE, nailfold capillary haemorrhages have shown to be significantly correlated with disease activity. Read More

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ADRB2 Haplotypes and Asthma Exacerbations in Children and Young Adults: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis.

Clin Exp Allergy 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: The polymorphism Arg16 in β -adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) gene has been associated with an increased risk of exacerbations in asthmatic children treated with long-acting β -agonists (LABA). However, it remains unclear whether this increased risk is mainly attributed to this single variant or the combined effect of the haplotypes of polymorphisms at codons 16 and 27.

Objective: We assessed whether the haplotype analysis could explain the association between the polymorphisms at codons 16 (Arg16Gly) and 27 (Gln27Glu) in ADRB2 and risk of asthma exacerbations in patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) plus LABA. Read More

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European guideline on indications, performance and clinical impact of C-breath tests in adult and pediatric patients: An EAGEN, ESNM, and ESPGHAN consensus, supported by EPC.

United European Gastroenterol J 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Introduction: C-breath tests are valuable, noninvasive diagnostic tests that can be widely applied for the assessment of gastroenterological symptoms and diseases. Currently, the potential of these tests is compromised by a lack of standardization regarding performance and interpretation among expert centers.

Methods: This consensus-based clinical practice guideline defines the clinical indications, performance, and interpretation of C-breath tests in adult and pediatric patients. Read More

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A Newborn Falsely Suspected of Congenital Hypothyroidism due to Mutated Thyroxine-Binding Globulin with Low Binding Affinity.

Horm Res Paediatr 2021 Jun 14:1-5. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Amsterdam UMC, Emma Children's Hospital, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Neonatal screening programs for congenital hypothyroidism (CH) have been implemented worldwide to facilitate early diagnosis and treatment. The Dutch neonatal CH screening is primarily based on the measurement of thyroxine (T4). When T4 is low, an additional thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) measurement is performed to reduce the number of false-positive screening results due to harmless TBG deficiency. Read More

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Health-related quality of life in Dutch adult survivors of childhood cancer: A nation-wide cohort study.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Jun 10;152:204-214. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Aim: To investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of Dutch adult childhood cancer survivors (CCS) and to identify risk factors of impaired HRQOL.

Methods: Adult CCS (age >18, diagnosed <18, ≥5 years since diagnosis) from the Dutch LATER registry completed the Medical Outcome Study Short Form 36 (SF-36) to measure HRQOL and provided sociodemographic characteristics. Age-adjusted mean SF-36 scale scores of CCS were compared to the Dutch general population for men and women separately using t-tests, with effect size d. Read More

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Health- and treatment outcomes of patients with hemophilia in the Netherlands, 1972-2019.

J Thromb Haemost 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Introduction: We conducted six cross-sectional nationwide questionnaire studies among all patients with hemophilia in the Netherlands from 1972 until 2019 to assess how health outcomes have changed, with a special focus on patients >50 years of age.

Methods: Data were collected on patient characteristics, treatment, (joint) bleeding, joint impairment, hospitalizations, human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C infections, and general health status (RAND-36).

Results: In 2019, 1009 patients participated of whom 48% had mild, 15% moderate and 37% severe hemophilia. Read More

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Gastrointestinal Perspective of COVID-19 in Children - an Updated Review.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Paediatrics, Assuta Ashdod University Hospital, Ashdod, Israel Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel Department of Paediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Division of Neurogastroenterology & Motility, Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain Department of Paediatrics, Woman's & Child's University Hospital of Verona, Italy Department of pediatrics, University Medical Center Maribor, Ljubljanska 5, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia Unité de Gastroentérologie, Hépatologie, Nutrition et Maladies Héréditaires du Métabolisme, Hôpital des Enfants, and IRSD, Université de Toulouse, INSERM, INRAE, ENVT, UPS, Toulouse, France Department of Translational Medical Science, Section of Pediatrics, University of Naples "Federico II", Naples, Italy Centre for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Sheffield Children's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Weston Bank, Sheffield, S10 TH, UK Paediatric Gastroenterology Department, Al Jalila Children's Specialty Hospital, Dubai, UAE.

Abstract: Gastrointestinal symptoms are common findings in children with SARS-CoV-2 infection, including vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and difficulty in feeding, although these symptoms tend to be mild. The hepato-biliary system and the pancreas may also be involved, usually with a mild elevation of transaminases and, rarely, pancreatitis. In contrast, a late hyper-inflammatory phenomenon, termed multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C), is characterized by more frequent gastrointestinal manifestations with greater severity, sometimes presenting as peritonitis. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of the response to the brief tachycardia provoked by standing in children suspected for long QT syndrome.

Heart Rhythm O2 2021 Apr 13;2(2):149-159. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Cardiology, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Heart Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Adult long QT syndrome (LQTS) patients have inadequate corrected QT interval (QTc) shortening and an abnormal T-wave response to the sudden heart rate acceleration provoked by standing. In adults, this knowledge can be used to aid an LQTS diagnosis and, possibly, for risk stratification. However, data on the diagnostic value of the standing test in children are currently limited. Read More

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Maternal and Neonatal Factors Affecting Bone Mineral Content of Indonesian Term Newborns.

Front Pediatr 2021 25;9:680869. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Neonatology, Amsterdam University Medical Center Location VU University Medical Center, Emma Children's Hospital, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Interactions between the genome and intrauterine environment can affect bone mineralization in newborns and even in adult life. Several studies show that intrauterine fetal bone mineralization or early postnatal bone condition influences the risk of osteoporosis in later life. To determine whole body bone mineral content (WB BMC) and factors that influence neonatal WB BMC in Indonesian term newborns. Read More

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Neurodevelopmental outcome of patients with congenital gastrointestinal malformations: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Emma Neuroscience Group, Amsterdam Reproduction & Development Research Institute, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Aim: Children with congenital gastrointestinal malformations may be at risk of neurodevelopmental impairment due to challenges to the developing brain, including perioperative haemodynamic changes, exposure to anaesthetics and postoperative inflammatory influences. This study aggregates existing evidence on neurodevelopmental outcome in these patients using meta-analysis.

Method: PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were searched for peer-reviewed articles published until October 2019. Read More

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Preoperative multidisciplinary team assessment is associated with improved survival in patients with locally advanced colon cancer; a nationwide cohort study in 3157 patients.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department. of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Pelvic Cancer, GI Oncology and Colorectal Surgery Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction: Multidisciplinary team (MDT) assessment is associated with improved survival in locally advanced rectal cancer, but the effect of an MDT assessment on survival in locally advanced colon cancer has not been reported. The aim of this national population-based cohort study was to establish if preoperative MDT assessment affects prognosis in patients with primary locally advanced colon cancer.

Material And Methods: All patients in Sweden with locally advanced colon cancer, without metastatic disease, who underwent an elective colon resection between 2010 and 2017 were identified through the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry (SCRCR), and the cohort was linked to national registers. Read More

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