Neglected Health Profession in Malaysia

Overview

The aim of this paper is to present an analytical perspective of the current issues affecting the autonomy and progress of the Occupational Therapy profession in Malaysia. Three key concerns emerged. These were: - i) low numbers of occupational therapists in Malaysia, ii) low quality and lack of university-based education and iii) low professional autonomy experienced by Malaysian occupational therapists due to the dominance of the medical rehabilitation discipline

Summary

Professional autonomy is positively related to professional involvement, job satisfaction, motivation and meta-cognitive learning processes in developing a profession and its workplace practice. It also affects the general well-being of individual professionals. All healthcare systems in the world have the basic duty to ensure health disciplines are empowered to perform autonomously

Author Comments

Dr Siew Yim Loh, PhD
Dr Siew Yim Loh, PhD
University of Malaya
Assoc Prof Dr.
Cancer survivorship, rehabilitation, Health behaviour, Occupational therapy, Occupational Science, Oncorehabilitation
Kuala Lumpur, WP | Malaysia
Developing countries have not progress in terms of its policies and care of health professions. A lopsided perspective by one medical discipline does not augur well for a changing landscape of increase social determinants of health disparity, increased NCD, dwindling health care budgets being channelled to some costly, non evidence based medical disciplines Dr Siew Yim Loh, PhD

Resources

https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/asiajot/16/1/16_35/_article/-char/ja/
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/asiajot/16/1/16_35/_article/-char/ja/

Professional Autonomy and Progress of Occupational Therapy - A Case Study on a Neglected Health Profession in Malaysia"

Hosp Health Care Admin: JHHA-105. DOI: 10.29011/JHHA-105. 100005

JHHA-105 (2017) DOI: 10.29011/JHHA-105. 100005

Professional autonomy is positively related to professional involvement, job satisfaction, motivation and meta-cognitive learning processes in developing a profession and its workplace practice. It also affects the general well-being of individual professionals. Increased professional autonomy is associated with increased task variability and better customized patient-centered care. However, health profession in developing countries are often with violated role autonomy, hindering them from securing the full benefits of autonomy for its members, and impacting ability for future growth pathway for the profession. The aim of this paper is to present an analytical perspective of the current issues affecting the autonomy and progress of the Occupational Therapy profession in Malaysia. Three key concerns emerged. These were: - i) low numbers of occupational therapists in Malaysia, ii) low quality and lack of university-based education and iii) low professional autonomy experienced by Malaysian occupational therapists due to the dominance of the medical rehabilitation discipline. These issues affect the advancement of cost-effective, evidence-based, best practice for the consumers of rehabilitation in Malaysia who need occupational therapy clinical services. These issues have reduced the independence and interdisciplinary role of Malaysian occupational therapists in health and social care. Keywords: Autonomy; Challenges; Health System; Medical Dominance; Medical Hegemony; Occupational Therapy; Role Autonomy; Social Care
December 2017
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