Anatomo-radiological importance and the incidence of os odontoideum in Turkish subjects: a retrospective study

Overview

PURPOSE: Os odontoideum is a rare anatomical and morphological variation of the odontoid process and associated with a range of symptoms such as spinal cord and vertebral artery injuries. This study aimed to evaluate the frequency of os odontoideum in Turkish cases by sagittal/coronal cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) and analyze the relationship with age, gender and related symptoms. METHODS: The incidence of os odontoideum was retrospectively diagnosed by sagittal/coronal cervical CT and MRI out of 16,122 subjects aged 20-70 years (mean 46) in the period between 2014 and 2018. The relationship of os odontoideum with age, gender, and symptoms was recorded.

Summary

s odontoideum was detected in 18 (0.11%) (11 males; 7 females) out of 16,122 patients. The mean age was 47.5 ± 1.4 years in the females and 43.5 ± 2.5 years in the males (p < 0.05). 6 odontoideum were detected out of 6467 (3756 males, mean 48 ± 0.7, 2711 females, mean 46 ± 1.2) subjects by CT and 12 odontoideum were detected out of 9655 patients (5607 males and 4048 females) by MRI. Neck pain was the most frequent symptom. The prevalence of os odontoideum especially round type is more frequent in older male patients over 40 years old with head and neck pain or atlantoaxial instability, and is less common in Turkish subjects when compared to various ethnic groups.

Author Comments

Dr.  erenogut, PhD
Dr. erenogut, PhD
Department of Anatomy / Bahcesehir University School of Medicine
Asst. Prof.
Anatomy
Istanbul | Turkey
Neck pain was the most frequent symptom. The prevalence of os odontoideum especially round type is more frequent in older male patients over 40 years old with head and neck pain or atlantoaxial instability, and is less common in Turkish subjects when compared to various ethnic groups.Dr. erenogut, PhD

Resources

Anatomo-radiological importance and the incidence of os odontoideum in Turkish subjects: a retrospective study

Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

2020 Jun;42(6):701-710

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Os odontoideum is a rare anatomical and morphological variation of the odontoid process and associated with a range of symptoms such as spinal cord and vertebral artery injuries. This study aimed to evaluate the frequency of os odontoideum in Turkish cases by sagittal/coronal cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) and analyze the relationship with age, gender and related symptoms.

METHODS:

The incidence of os odontoideum was retrospectively diagnosed by sagittal/coronal cervical CT and MRI out of 16,122 subjects aged 20-70 years (mean 46) in the period between 2014 and 2018. The relationship of os odontoideum with age, gender, and symptoms was recorded.

RESULTS:

The statistical analysis of the study was performed by the χ² test and two-way mixed ANOVA. Os odontoideum was detected in 18 (0.11%) (11 males; 7 females) out of 16,122 patients. The mean age was 47.5 ± 1.4 years in the females and 43.5 ± 2.5 years in the males (p < 0.05). 6 odontoideum were detected out of 6467 (3756 males, mean 48 ± 0.7, 2711 females, mean 46 ± 1.2) subjects by CT and 12 odontoideum were detected out of 9655 patients (5607 males and 4048 females) by MRI.

CONCLUSION:

Neck pain was the most frequent symptom. The prevalence of os odontoideum especially round type is more frequent in older male patients over 40 years old with head and neck pain or atlantoaxial instability, and is less common in Turkish subjects when compared to various ethnic groups.

KEYWORDS:

Odontoid; Odontoid duplication; Odontoid process; Odontoideum; Os odontoideum

June 2020
66 Reads
Citations: 1
Impact Factor: 1.039

Similar Publications