Streptococcal meningitis in Qatar: A secondary analysis of a hospital-based study

Overview

Meningitis caused by S. pneumoniae is described widely, however, there is a lack of information on meningitis caused by streptococcal species other than S. pneumoniae.

Summary

This post hoc analysis was performed to describe the demographic, clinical characteristics, underlying conditions, and treatment outcome of streptococcal meningitis.

Author Comments

Dr Fahmi Khan, MBBS, MD
Dr Fahmi Khan, MBBS, MD
Hamad General Hospital
Consultant
Internal medicine
Doha, Doha | Qatar
Streptococcal meningitis is a recognized clinical entity in Qatar that was caused by several species of streptococci, with S. pneumoniae being the most common. Despite vaccination, infants were the most affected group with high mortality from pneumococcal meningitis, suggesting that pneumococcal meningitis prevention strategies may need to be re-evaluated in this country. Dr Fahmi Khan, MBBS, MD

Resources

International Journal of Medical Science and Research
http://www.medicaljournals.in/article/view/18/1-4-11

Streptococcal meningitis in Qatar: A secondary analysis of a hospital-based study

International Journal of Medical Science and Research

Int J Med Sci Research. 2019;1(4):1-5

Abstract Background and Objectives: Streptococcal meningitis is a recognized medical condition that confronts physicians in Qatar. The aim of this study was to describe the demographic, clinical characteristics, underlying conditions, and treatment outcome of streptococcal meningitis. Patients and Methods: This was a secondary post hoc analysis of our previous study entitled “Acute Bacterial Meningitis in Qatar: A Hospital-Based Study from 2009 to 2013”. It involved only patient with streptococcal meningitis. Results: We identified 27 cases of streptococcal meningitis. The study sample comprised 16 (59.3%) male and 11 (40.7%) female patients. All episodes were community-acquired and fever was the most frequent symptom 24 (88.9%), whereas bacteremia was found in 18(66.7%) cases. S. pneumoniae was the most frequent pathogen found in this study 19 (70.4%). The main affected age group was neonates under one year of age and the mortality was 3 (11.1%) cases Conclusion: Streptococcal meningitis is a recognized clinical entity in Qatar that was caused by several species of streptococci, with S. pneumoniae being the most common. Despite vaccination, infants were the most affected group with high mortality from pneumococcal meningitis, suggesting that pneumococcal meningitis prevention strategies may need to be re-evaluated in this country. Keywords: streptococcal meningitis, pneumococcal meningitis, pneumococcal vaccine
October 2019
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