Civinini’s ligament is among the intrinsic ligaments of sphenoid bone that may occasionally ossify. The ossification may be complete or incomplete and unilateral or bilateral. It may lead entrapment of neighboring neurovascular structures and may cause difficulties during surgical procedures through infratemporal fossa. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to demonstrate the incidence and types of Civinini’s bar and discuss its clinical relevance.Sixty-six adult human Anatolian dry skulls with unknown age and sex were obtained from the Department of Anatomy. All skulls were examined and classified with regard to presence or absence, side and ossification degree of Civinini’s bar. Results A total incidence of 31.81% of different types of Civinini’s bars was observed, out of which 1.51% were Type I, 18.18% Type II, 1.51% Type III, 0% Type IV and 10.60% were of Type V variety.
Complete or incomplete ossification of Civinini’s ligament have significant relation with blockage and entrapment of important neurovascular structures.
A thorough knowledge of the anatomy and incidence of Civinini’s bar and related clinical situations could be important for radiologists, neurosurgeons, maxillofacial surgeons, anaesthetists, anatomists and anthropologists.Dr. erenogut, PhD
Journal of the Anatomical Society of India