Tribocorrosion Behaviour of Ti–6Al–4V Alloy in Biomedical Implants: Effects of Applied Load and Surface Roughness on Material Degradation


Tribocorrosion covers the science of surface transformations resulting from the interaction of mechanical loading and chemical reactions that occur between elements of a tribosystem exposed to corrosive environments. Implant materials are subjected to relative movements, which can cause wear damage, together with corrosive attack of the body fluids. Ti–6Al–4V alloy has been widely used for this purpose due to its superior biocompatibility and excellent corrosion resistance and good mechanical properties. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the tribocorrosion of Ti–6Al–4V alloy under different load and surface conditions. The tribocorrosion tests of Ti–6Al–4V alloy was performed using pin on disc tests at phosphate buffer saline solution (PBS), under various loading (0.5–25) N and surfaces roughness (240, 320, 400, 600) μm grits. Surface morphology, chemical composition and tribocorrosion resistance studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energydispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and Tafel potential polarization. The result indicates, by increasing contact load, the smoother surface (600 μm grit) give lower average tribocorrosion current density as compared with the surface (320, 240, 400) μm grits suggesting that the damage is more pronounced on the smooth surface.


The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of the applied load due to human activities and surface roughness conditions on the tribocorrosion of Ti–6Al–4V alloy in biomedical application.

Author Comments

Prof. Dr. Eng Ali Sabea Hammood, PhD
Prof. Dr. Eng Ali Sabea Hammood, PhD
University of Kufa- Faculty of Engineering
Head of Biomedical Materials Engineering Track
Tribocorrosion of biomaterials
Kufa, Najaf | Iraq
Tribocorrosion current density is depending on surface roughness. Due to oxide film depassivation, the higher Tribocorrosion current density is produced by the rough surface (240 μm grit), while the lower tribocorrosion current density are produced by the smooth surface (600 μm grit).Prof. Dr. Eng Ali Sabea Hammood, PhD



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