Discrimination between Glioma Grades II and III Using Dynamic Susceptibility Perfusion MRI: A Meta-Analysis.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2017 Jul 18;38(7):1348-1355. Epub 2017 May 18.

Department of Surgical Sciences (Alberto F.D.), Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: DSC perfusion has been evaluated in the discrimination between low-grade and high-grade glioma but the diagnostic potential to discriminate beween glioma grades II and III remains unclear.

Purpose: Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of relative maximal CBV from DSC perfusion MR imaging to discriminate glioma grades II and III.

Data Sources: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov.

Study Selection: Eligible studies reported on patients evaluated with relative maximal CBV derived from DSC with a confirmed neuropathologic diagnosis of glioma World Health Organization grades II and III. Studies reporting on mean or individual patient data were considered for inclusion.

Data Analysis: Data were analyzed by using inverse variance with the random-effects model and receiver operating characteristic curves describing optimal cutoffs and areas under the curve. Bivariate diagnostic random-effects meta-analysis was used to calculate diagnostic accuracy.

Data Synthesis: Twenty-eight studies evaluating 727 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. Individual data were available from 10 studies comprising 190 individuals. The mean difference of relative maximal CBV between glioma grades II and III ( = 727) was 1.76 (95% CI, 1.27-2.24; < .001). Individual patient data ( = 190) had an area under the curve of 0.77 for discriminating glioma grades II and III at an optimal cutoff of 2.02. When we analyzed astrocytomas separately, the area under the curve increased to 0.86 but decreased to 0.61 when we analyzed oligodendrogliomas.

Limitations: A substantial heterogeneity was found among included studies.

Conclusions: Glioma grade III had higher relative maximal CBV compared with glioma grade II. A high diagnostic accuracy was found for all patients and astrocytomas; however, the diagnostic accuracy was substantially reduced when discriminating oligodendroglioma grades II and III.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5218DOI Listing
July 2017
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)
Relative cerebral blood volume maps corrected for contrast agent extravasation significantly correlate with glioma tumor grade, whereas uncorrected maps do not
Boxerman et al.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2006
Histogram analysis versus region of interest analysis of dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion MR imaging data in the grading of cerebral gliomas
Law et al.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2007
Glioma grading: sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of perfusion MR imaging and proton MR spectroscopic imaging compared with conventional MR imaging
Law et al.
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2003

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