Evaluation of antecedent stimulus parameters for the treatment of escape-maintained aberrant behavior.

J Appl Behav Anal 1999 ;32(4):495-513

School Psychology Program, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-7047, USA.

We evaluated a methodology for identifying the range of stimulus features of antecedent stimuli associated with aberrant behavior in demand contexts in natural settings. For each participant, an experimental analysis of antecedents (Phase 1) was conducted to confirm the hypothesis that task instructions occasioned increases in aberrant behavior. During Phase 2, specific stimulus features associated with the presentation of task instructions were assessed by evaluating the child's behavior across two distinct settings, therapists, and types of tasks in a sequential fashion. Aberrant behavior occurred immediately across settings and therapists, presumably because the presence of a discriminative stimulus for escape-maintained behavior (the delivery of a task instruction) occasioned aberrant behavior. However, aberrant behavior decreased initially across tasks, suggesting that familiarity with the task might be a variable. During Phase 3, an experimental (functional) analysis of consequences was conducted with 2 participants to verify that aberrant behavior was maintained by negative reinforcement. During Phase 4, a treatment package that interspersed play with task instructions was conducted to disrupt the ongoing occurrence of aberrant behavior. Immediate and durable treatment effects occurred for 2 of the 3 participants.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1901/jaba.1999.32-495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1284211PMC
February 2000

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

aberrant behavior
32
task instructions
12
behavior
10
stimulus features
8
aberrant
8
settings therapists
8
task
5
consequences conducted
4
presentation task
4
delivery task
4
instructions assessed
4
associated presentation
4
assessed evaluating
4
child's behavior
4
evaluating child's
4
functional analysis
4
features associated
4
analysis consequences
4
specific stimulus
4
verify aberrant
4

References

(Supplied by CrossRef)
Home-based descriptive and experimental analysis of problem behaviors in children
Arndorfer et al.
Topics in Early Childhood Special Education 1994
Reducing behavior problems through functional communication training
Carr et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1985
The long-term effects of functional communication training in home settings
Derby et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1997
Toward a functional analysis of self-injury
Iwata et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1994

Iwata et al.
1990

Kazdin et al.
1982
Antecedent influences on behavior disorders
Smith et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1997

Similar Publications