Establishing discriminative control of responding using functional and alternative reinforcers during functional communication training.

J Appl Behav Anal 1998 ;31(4):543-60

Neurobehavioral Unit, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.

Functional communication training (FCT) is a popular treatment for problem behaviors, but its effectiveness may be compromised when the client emits the target communication response and reinforcement is either delayed or denied. In the current investigation, we trained 2 individuals to emit different communication responses to request (a) the reinforcer for destructive behavior in a given situation (e.g., contingent attention in the attention condition of a functional analysis) and (b) an alternative reinforcer (e.g., toys in the attention condition of a functional analysis). Next, we taught the participants to request each reinforcer in the presence of a different discriminative stimulus (SD). Then, we evaluated the effects of differential reinforcement of communication (DRC) using the functional and alternative reinforcers and correlated SDs, with and without extinction of destructive behavior. During all applications, DRC (in combination with SDs that signaled available reinforcers) rapidly reduced destructive behavior to low levels regardless of whether the functional reinforcer or an alternative reinforcer was available or whether reinforcement for destructive behavior was discontinued (i.e., extinction).

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1901/jaba.1998.31-543DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1284147PMC
February 1999

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

destructive behavior
16
functional alternative
8
attention condition
8
communication training
8
functional communication
8
alternative reinforcers
8
condition functional
8
request reinforcer
8
alternative reinforcer
8
functional analysis
8
functional
7
reinforcer
5
communication
5
analysis taught
4
taught participants
4
reinforcer presence
4
stimulus evaluated
4
evaluated effects
4
discriminative stimulus
4
presence discriminative
4

References

(Supplied by CrossRef)
Reducing behavior problems though functional communication training
Carr et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1985
Basic and applied research on choice responding
Fisher et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1997
Functional communication training with and without extinction and punishment
Fisher et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1993
Facilitating tolerance of delayed reinforcement during functional communication training
Fisher et al.
Behavior Modification
Self-control in pigeons under the Mischel paradigm
Grosch et al.
Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 1981

Similar Publications