Defining, validating, and increasing indices of happiness among people with profound multiple disabilities.

Authors:
C W Green D H Reid

J Appl Behav Anal 1996 ;29(1):67-78

Rosewood School, Carolina Behavior Analysis and Support Center, Ltd., Morganton, North Carolina 28680, USA.

In this study we attempted to operationalize, measure, and increase happiness among people with profound disabilities. Happiness indices were defined and observed among 5 individuals. Validation measures indicated that (a) increases in happiness indices were observed when individuals were presented with most preferred stimuli relative to least preferred stimuli, (b) increases in unhappiness indices were observed when they were presented with least preferred relative to most preferred stimuli, and (c) practitioner ratings of participant happiness coincided with observed indices. Subsequently, classroom staff increased happiness indices through presentation and contingent withdrawal of activities. Results suggested that a behavioral approach can enhance happiness as one aspect of quality of life among people with profound disabilities. Research directions are offered that focus on using a behavioral approach to investigate other private events that are important among people with disabilities.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1901/jaba.1996.29-67DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1279874PMC
December 1996

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

people profound
12
preferred stimuli
12
happiness indices
12
behavioral approach
8
happiness people
8
indices observed
8
presented preferred
8
profound disabilities
8
observed individuals
8
relative preferred
8
happiness
7
indices
6
observed indices
4
indices subsequently
4
classroom staff
4
staff increased
4
coincided observed
4
subsequently classroom
4
stimuli practitioner
4
increases unhappiness
4

References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

Anderson et al.
1975
Wanted: A rational search for the limiting conditions of habilitation in the retarded
Bailey et al.
Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities 1981
Assessing the loneliness of workers with mental retardation
Chadsey-Rusch et al.
Mental Retardation 1992
Effects of signaling invasive procedures on a hospitalized infant's affective behaviors
Derrickson et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1993
Motivating autistic children through stimulus variation
Dunlap et al.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1980

Evans et al.
1989

Similar Publications