Extended field-of-view and increased-signal 3D holographic illumination with time-division multiplexing.

Opt Express 2015 Dec;23(25):32573-81

Phase spatial light modulators (SLMs) are widely used for generating multifocal three-dimensional (3D) illumination patterns, but these are limited to a field of view constrained by the pixel count or size of the SLM. Further, with two-photon SLM-based excitation, increasing the number of focal spots penalizes the total signal linearly--requiring more laser power than is available or can be tolerated by the sample. Here we analyze and demonstrate a method of using galvanometer mirrors to time-sequentially reposition multiple 3D holograms, both extending the field of view and increasing the total time-averaged two-photon signal. We apply our approach to 3D two-photon in vivo neuronal calcium imaging.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4775739PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.23.032573DOI Listing
December 2015
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