Transpl Int 1996 ;9(3):221-6
Renal Transplant Unit, Cardiff Royal Infirmary, Wales, UK.
Fasting plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and apoprotein (apo) B were elevated in 214 nondiabetic renal transplant recipients when compared to a reference group. Apo (a) was slightly but not significantly lower in transplant recipients (median 118 mg/dl, range 16-1680 vs 130 mg/dl, 10-1176) and this difference could be predicted from Lp (a) isoform analysis. Cholesterol, triglyceride, apo B and apo (a) concentrations correlated negatively with creatinine clearance but none of these parameters showed a significant association with proteinuria. Patients treated with steroids had higher plasma HDL concentrations than those receiving cyclosporin monotherapy (P < 0.01). The use of diuretics was associated with raised triglycerides (P < 0.001) and cholesterol (P < 0.01) and with reduced HDL (P < 0.01) whilst patients receiving beta-blockers had significantly higher triglycerides (P < 0.01) and lower HDL levels (P < 0.02). In multiple regression analysis, age (P < 0.01), creatinine clearance (P < 0.05) and diuretic therapy (P < 0.005) were independent risk factors for increased cholesterol whilst apo (a) levels correlated negatively with creatinine clearance (P < 0.005). These results suggest that impaired renal function, steroids and non-immunosuppressive drugs contribute to lipid abnormalites in renal transplant recipients.