J Virol 1975 Mar;15(3):619-35
Mouse, hamster, and human cells were transformed at the permissive temperature by mutants from simian virus 40 (SV40) complementation group A in order to ascertain the role of the gene A function in transformation. The following parameters of transformation were monitored with the transformed cells under permissive and nonpermissive conditions: morphology; saturation density; colony formation on plastic, on cell monolayers, and in soft agar; uptake of hexose; and the expression of SV40 tumor (T) and surface (S) antigens. Cells transformed by the temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants exhibited the phenotype of transformed cells at the nonrestrictive temperature for all of the parameters studied. However, when grown at the restrictive temperature, they were phenotypically similar to normal, untransformed cells. Growth curves showed that the (ts) A mutant-transformed cells exhibited the growth characteristics of wild-type virus-transformed cells at the permissive temperature and resembled normal cells when placed under restrictive conditions. There were 3-to 51-fold reductions in the levels of saturation density, colony formation, and uptake of hexose when the mutant-transformed cells were the elevated temperature as compared to when they were grown at the permissive temperature. Mutant-transformed cells from the nonpermissive temperature were able to produce transformed foci when shifted down to permissive conditions, indicating that the phenotypically reverted cells were still viable and that the reversion was a reversible event. SV40 T antigen was present in the cells at both temperatures, but S antigen was not detected in cells maintained at the nonpremissive temperature. All of the wild-type virus-transformed cells exhbited a transformed cells exhibited a transformed phenotype when grown under either restrictive or nonrestrictive conditions. Thers results indicate that the SV40 group A mutant-transformed cells are temperature sensitive for the maintenance of growth properties characteristics of transformation. Virus rescued from the mutant-transformed cells by the transfection method was ts, suggesting that the SV40 gene A function, rather than a cellular one, is responsible for the ts behavior of the cells.