Farmers and their languages: the first expansions.

Science 2003 Apr;300(5619):597-603

Department of Geography, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1524, USA.

The largest movements and replacements of human populations since the end of the Ice Ages resulted from the geographically uneven rise of food production around the world. The first farming societies thereby gained great advantages over hunter-gatherer societies. But most of those resulting shifts of populations and languages are complex, controversial, or both. We discuss the main complications and specific examples involving 15 language families. Further progress will depend on interdisciplinary research that combines archaeology, crop and livestock studies, physical anthropology, genetics, and linguistics.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1078208DOI Listing
April 2003
3 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

controversial discuss
4
complex controversial
4
discuss main
4
main complications
4
specific examples
4
complications specific
4
languages complex
4
shifts populations
4
gained great
4
societies gained
4
great advantages
4
advantages hunter-gatherer
4
societies shifts
4
hunter-gatherer societies
4
examples involving
4
involving language
4
livestock studies
4
crop livestock
4
studies physical
4
physical anthropology
4

Similar Publications