Pharmacological characterization of human and murine neuropeptide s receptor variants.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2005 Dec 6;315(3):1338-45. Epub 2005 Sep 6.

Department of Pharmacology, University of California at Irvine, 360 Med Surge II, Irvine, CA 92697-4625, USA.

We have recently shown that Neuropeptide S (NPS) can promote arousal and induce anxiolytic-like effects after central administration in rodents. Another study reported a number of natural polymorphisms in the human NPS receptor gene. Some of these polymorphisms were associated with increased risk of asthma and possibly other forms of atopic diseases, but the physiological consequences of the mutations remain unclear. One of the polymorphisms produces an Asn-Ile exchange in the first extracellular loop of the receptor protein, and a C-terminal splice variant of the NPS receptor was found overexpressed in human asthmatic airway tissue. We sought to study the pharmacology of the human receptor variants in comparison with the murine receptor protein. Here, we report that the N107I polymorphism in the human NPS receptor results in a gain-of-function characterized by an increase in agonist potency without changing binding affinity in NPSR Ile107. In contrast, the C-terminal splice variant of the human NPS receptor shows a pharmacological profile similar to NPSR Asn107. The mouse NPS receptor, which also carries an Ile residue at position 107, displays an intermediate pharmacological profile. Structure-activity relationship studies show that the amino terminus of NPS is critical for receptor activation. The altered pharmacology of the Ile107 isoform of the human NPS receptor implies a mechanism of enhanced NPS signaling that might have physiological significance for brain function as well as peripheral tissues that express NPS receptors.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/jpet.105.093427DOI Listing
December 2005
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References

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J Recept Res 1993

Biol Chem Hoppe-Seyler 1993

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