Am J Epidemiol 1982 Aug;116(2):333-42
A hospital-based case-control study of the epidemiology of endometrial cancer in women aged 45-74 years was carried out in Connecticut from 1977 to 1979. In total, 167 cases and 903 controls were included. Elevated risks were associated with the following factors: overweight, nulliparity, few pregnancies, use of estrogen replacement therapy, older age at menopause, and a history of ovarian or endometrial cancer in mother or a sister. Whites were more frequently affected than blacks, and better-educated women more often than less-educated women. Use of oral contraceptives was associated with a decreased risk, although the decrease did not reach statistical significance.