Nucleic Acids Res 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
DNA lesions or other barriers frequently compromise replisome progress. The SF2 helicase RecG is a key enzyme in the processing of postreplication gaps or regressed forks in Escherichia coli. A deletion of the recG gene renders cells highly sensitive to a range of DNA damaging agents. Here, we demonstrate that RecG function is at least partially complemented by another SF2 helicase, RadD. A ΔrecGΔradD double mutant exhibits an almost complete growth defect, even in the absence of stress. Suppressors appear quickly, primarily mutations that compromise priA helicase function or recA promoter mutations that reduce recA expression. Deletions of uup (encoding the UvrA-like ABC system Uup), recO, or recF also suppress the ΔrecGΔradD growth phenotype. RadD and RecG appear to avoid toxic situations in DNA metabolism, either resolving or preventing the appearance of DNA repair intermediates produced by RecA or RecA-independent template switching at stalled forks or postreplication gaps. Barriers to replisome progress that require intervention by RadD or RecG occur in virtually every replication cycle. The results highlight the importance of the RadD protein for general chromosome maintenance and repair. They also implicate Uup as a new modulator of RecG function.