Gastroenterology 2016 12 24;151(6):1131-1140.e5. Epub 2016 Aug 24.
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Background & Aims: The combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir has been approved for treatment of genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, including an 8-week regimen for treatment-naïve patients without cirrhosis and a baseline level of HCV RNA <6 million IU/mL. We analyzed data from a multicenter, prospective, observational study to determine real-world sustained virologic responses 12 weeks after treatment (SVR12) with regimens containing ledipasvir and sofosbuvir and identify factors associated with treatment failure.
Methods: We collected data from 2099 participants in the HCV-TARGET study with complete virologic data (per-protocol population). We analyzed data from 1788 patients receiving ledipasvir-sofosbuvir (282 for 8 weeks, 910 for 12 weeks, 510 for 24 weeks, and 86 for a different duration) and 311 receiving ledipasvir-sofosbuvir plus ribavirin (212 for 12 weeks and 81 for 24 weeks, 18 for other duration) to estimate SVR12 (with 95% confidence interval [CI]), and logistic regression methods to identify factors that predicted an SVR12.
Results: The overall study population was 25% black, 66% with HCV genotype 1A infection, 41% with cirrhosis, 50% treatment-experienced, and 30% receiving proton pump inhibitors at start of treatment. In the per-protocol population, SVR12s were achieved by 96% of patients receiving ledipasvir-sofosbuvir for 8 weeks (95% CI, 93%-98%), 97% receiving the drugs for 12 weeks (95% CI, 96%-98%), and 95% receiving the drugs for 24 weeks (95% CI, 93%-97%). Among patients also receiving ribavirin, SVR12 was achieved by 97% of the patients receiving the drugs for 12 weeks (95% CI, 94%-99%) and 95% receiving the drugs for 24 weeks (95% CI, 88%-99%). Of the 586 patients who qualified for 8 weeks of treatment, only 255 (44%) received the drugs for 8 weeks. The rate of SVR12 among those who qualified for and received 8 weeks of therapy was similar in those who qualified for 8 weeks but received 12 weeks therapy (96%; 95% CI, 92%-99% vs 98%; 95% CI, 95%-99%). Factors that predicted SVR12 were higher albumin (≥3.5 g/dL), lower total bilirubin (≤1.2 g/dL), absence of cirrhosis, and absence of proton pump inhibitor use.
Conclusions: Regimens containing ledipasvir and sofosbuvir are highly effective for a broad spectrum of patients with HCV genotype 1 infection treated in different clinical practice settings. Expanded use of 8-week treatment regimens for eligible patients is supported by these real-world results. Modification of proton pump inhibitor use may increase rates of SVR. ClinicalTrials.gov no. NCT01474811.