Ultrastructural localization of factor VIII procoagulant antigen in human liver hepatocytes.

Nature 1985 Oct 24-30;317(6039):729-30

Factor VIII is generally believed to circulate in blood as a multimeric complex of two glycoproteins which are physiologically and immunologically distinct. One component of the factor VIII complex is factor VIII procoagulant activity (FVIII:C) which is associated with factor VIII/procoagulant antigen (FVIII:Ag, formerly FVIII/CAg). The second, larger unit of the complex is factor VIII/von Willebrand factor (vWF:Ag, formerly factor VIII-related antigen or FVIIIRAg). FVIII:C has anti-haemophilic activity and is defective or deficient in patients with classical haemophilia, and vWF:Ag is absent in patients with von Willebrand disease. FVIII:Ag was demonstrated recently in endothelial cells lining hepatic sinusoids, by using immunoperoxidase staining and light microscopy, whereas biochemical data had indicated its presence predominantly in the hepatocyte fractions and in lesser amounts in endothelial cells. Moreover, recent hybridization experiments detected FVIII:C messenger RNA in liver and kidney tissues. Despite several efforts, the cells responsible for FVIII:C synthesis have not been unequivocally identified. Here we use protein A-gold complex labelling to demonstrate the ultrastructural localization of FVIII:C in human liver cells; the results indicate that hepatocytes may synthesize FVIII:Ag.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/317729a0DOI Listing
November 1985

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