Int J Vitam Nutr Res 2020 May 26:1-7. Epub 2020 May 26.
Department of Medicine, Surgery, and Dentistry, "Scuola Medica Salernitana", University of Salerno, Italy.
We aim to assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in patients scheduled for bariatric surgery (BS), and to identify factors that might be associated with VDD. We conducted a cross-sectional observational study involving all consecutive patients scheduled for BS from 2017 to 2019. The exclusion criteria were missing data for vitamin D levels, intake of vitamin D supplements in the 3 months prior to serum vitamin D determination, and renal insufficiency. A total of 206 patients (mean age and body mass index [BMI] of 34.9 ± 10.7 years, and 44.3 ± 6.99 kg/m, respectively) met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled for data analysis. VDD (<19.9 ng/mL), severe VDD (<10 ng/mL), and vitamin D insufficiency (20-29.9 ng/mL) were present in 68.8 %, 12.5 %, and 31.2 % of patients, respectively. A significant inverse correlation was found between vitamin D levels and initial BMI, parathyroid hormone, and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (r = -0.280, p < 0.05; r = -0.407, p = 0.038; r = -0.445, p = 0.005), respectively. VDD was significantly more prevalent in patients with higher BMI [-0.413 ± 0.12, CI95 % (-0.659; -0.167), p = 0.006], whereas no significant association between hypertension [-1.005 ± 1.65, CI95 % (-4.338; 2.326), p = 0.001], and diabetes type 2 (T2D) [-0.44 ± 2.20, CI95 % (-4.876; 3.986), p = 0.841] was found. We observed significant association between female sex and levels of vitamin D [6.69 ± 2.31, CI95 % (2.06; 11.33), p = 0.006]. The present study shows that in patients scheduled for BS, VDD deficiency is common and was associated with higher BMI, and female sex.