Anal Chem 1999 Jan;71(2):433-9
Center for Bio/Molecular Science & Engineering, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375-5348, USA.
A fluorescence-based immunosensor has been developed for simultaneous analysis of multiple samples. A patterned array of recognition elements immobilized on the surface of a planar waveguide is used to "capture" analyte present in samples; bound analyte is then quantified by means of fluorescent detector molecules. Upon excitation of the fluorescent label by a small diode laser, a CCD camera detects the pattern of fluorescent antigen:antibody complexes on the sensor surface. Image analysis software correlates the position of fluorescent signals with the identity of the analyte. This immunosensor was used to detect physiologically relevant concentrations of staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), F1 antigen from Yersinia pestis, and D-dimer, a marker of sepsis and thrombotic disorders, in spiked clinical samples.