Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2009 Feb 31;91(4):636-42. Epub 2008 Oct 31.
Laboratório de Neurociências, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade do Extremo Sul Catarinense, Criciúma, SC, Brazil.
Neuropeptide S (NPS) is a recently discovered peptide which induces hyperlocomotion, anxiolysis and wakefulness. This study aimed to compare behavioral and biochemical effects of NPS with amphetamine (AMPH), and diazepam (DZP). To this aim, the effects of NPS (0.01, 0.1 and 1 nmol, ICV), AMPH (2 mg/kg, IP) and DZP (1 mg/kg, IP) on locomotion and oxidative stress parameters were assessed in mouse brain structures. The administration of NPS and AMPH, but not DZP, increased locomotion compared to control. Biochemical analyses revealed that AMPH increased carbonylated proteins in striatum, but did not alter lipid peroxidation. DZP increased lipid peroxidation in the cortex and cerebellum, and increased protein carbonyl formation in the striatum. In contrast, NPS reduced carbonylated protein in the cerebellum and striatum, and also lipid peroxidation in the cortex. Additionally, the treatment with AMPH increased superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the striatum, while it did not affect catalase (CAT) activity. DZP did not alter SOD and CAT activity. NPS inhibited the increase of SOD activity in the cortex and cerebellum, but little influenced CAT activity. Altogether, this is the first evidence of a putative role of NPS in oxidative stress and brain injury.