Enhancing of plasmonic photothermal therapy through heat-inducible transgene activity.

Nanomedicine 2013 Jul 22;9(5):646-56. Epub 2012 Nov 22.

CIBER de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, CIBER-BBN, Spain.

Unlabelled: We explore the synergistic effect of photothermal therapy and gene therapy, simultaneously triggered by silica-gold nanoshells (NS) or hollow gold nanoparticles (HGNPs) in human HeLa cells following near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. Thermal transfer from NS was higher than that displayed by HGNPs, owing to a differential interaction of the nanomaterial with the biological environment. Under sublethal photothermal conditions, NS and HGNPs effectively modulated the expression levels of a DsRed-monomer reporter gene controlled by the highly heat-inducible human HSP70B promoter, as a function of nanomaterial concentration and length of laser exposure. Hyperthermia treatments at doses that do not promote cell death generated a lethal outcome in HeLa cells harboring the fusogenic GALV-FMG transgene under the control of the HSP70B promoter. Combination of lethal photothermia with the triggering of the cytotoxic transgene resulted in a dramatic increase of the cell-ablation area as a result of the synergistic activity established.

From The Clinical Editor: In this study photothermal therapy and gene therapy, simultaneously triggered by silica-gold nanoshells or hollow gold nanoparticles, was investigated in human HeLa cells following near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. It is shown that the combination of lethal photothermia with the triggering of the cytotoxic transgene at sublethal levels results in a synergistic cytotoxic effect in vitro.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2012.11.002DOI Listing
July 2013
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