Magnetic-plasmonic nanoparticles for the life sciences: calculated optical properties of hybrid structures.

Nanomedicine 2012 Jul 21;8(5):559-68. Epub 2011 Sep 21.

Laboratory for Molecular Electronics and Photonics, Department of Chemistry, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium.

Unlabelled: Magnetic-plasmonic nanoparticles, combining magnetic and plasmonic components, are promising structures for use in life sciences. Optical properties of core-shell magnetite-gold nanostructures, such as the wavelength of the plasmon resonance, the extinction cross-section, and the ratio of scattering to absorption at the plasmon wavelength are critical parameters in the search for the most suitable particles for envisioned applications. Using Mie theory and the discrete dipole approximation (DDA), optical spectra as a function of composition, size, and shape of core-shell nanospheres and nanorods were calculated. Calculations were done using simulated aqueous media, used throughout the life sciences. Our results indicate that in the advantageous near-infrared region (NIR), although magnetic-plasmonic nanospheres produced by available chemical methods lack the desirable tunability of optical characteristics, magnetic-plasmonic nanorods can achieve the desired optical properties at chemically attainable dimensions. The presented results can aid in the selection of suitable magnetic-plasmonic structures for applications in life sciences.

From The Clinical Editor: In this basic science study, magnetic-plasmonic nanoparticles are studied for future applications in life sciences. Optical properties of core-shell magnetite-gold nanostructures, such as the wavelength of the plasmon resonance, the extinction cross-section, and the ratio of scattering to absorption at the plasmon wavelength are critical parameters in the search for the most suitable particles for proposed future applications.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2011.09.004DOI Listing
July 2012
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