Genome-wide association study identifies TH1 pathway genes associated with lung function in asthmatic patients.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2013 Aug 28;132(2):313-20.e15. Epub 2013 Mar 28.

Center for Genomics and Personalized Medicine Research, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.

Background: Recent meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies in general populations of European descent have identified 28 loci for lung function.

Objective: We sought to identify novel lung function loci specifically for asthma and to confirm lung function loci identified in general populations.

Methods: Genome-wide association studies of lung function (percent predicted FEV1 [ppFEV1], percent predicted forced vital capacity, and FEV1/forced vital capacity ratio) were performed in 4 white populations of European descent (n = 1544), followed by meta-analyses.

Results: Seven of 28 previously identified lung function loci (HHIP, FAM13A, THSD4, GSTCD, NOTCH4-AGER, RARB, and ZNF323) identified in general populations were confirmed at single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) levels (P < .05). Four of 32 loci (IL12A, IL12RB1, STAT4, and IRF2) associated with ppFEV1 (P < 10(-4)) belong to the TH1 or IL-12 cytokine family pathway. By using a linear additive model, these 4 TH1 pathway SNPs cumulatively explained 2.9% to 7.8% of the variance in ppFEV1 values in 4 populations (P = 3 × 10(-11)). Genetic scores of these 4 SNPs were associated with ppFEV1 values (P = 2 × 10(-7)) and the American Thoracic Society severe asthma classification (P = .005) in the Severe Asthma Research Program population. TH2 pathway genes (IL13, TSLP, IL33, and IL1RL1) conferring asthma susceptibility were not associated with lung function.

Conclusion: Genes involved in airway structure/remodeling are associated with lung function in both general populations and asthmatic subjects. TH1 pathway genes involved in anti-virus/bacterial infection and inflammation modify lung function in asthmatic subjects. Genes associated with lung function that might affect asthma severity are distinct from those genes associated with asthma susceptibility.

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Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00916749130026
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2013.01.051DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3746327PMC
August 2013
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