Proteomics 2005 Sep;5(14):3646-53
Institute for Microbiology, Technische Universität München, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany.
Clostridium thermocellum produces the most efficient enzyme-complex for the degradation of polysaccharides in biomass, the large extracellular cellulosome. The draft complete genomic sequence of Clostridium thermocellum was screened for open reading frames (ORF) containing cellulosomal dockerin sequences. Seventy-one putative cellulosomal genes were detected. One third of these ORFs may be involved in cellulose hydrolysis. Most of the others showed homology to hemicellulases, pectinases, chitinases, glycosidases or esterases potentially involved in the unwrapping of cellulose fibers. To identify the predominant catalytic components, cellulosomes were purified and the components were separated by an adapted two-dimensional gel electrophoresis technique. The apparent major spots were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF. Ten of the components were previously known: the structural protein CipA, the endo-glucanases Cel8A, Cel5G, Cel9N, the cellobiohydrolases Cbh9A, Cel9K, Cel48S, the xylanases Xyn10C, Xyn10Z, and the chitinase Chi18A. In addition, three hitherto unknown major components were detected, Cel9R, Xyn10D and Xgh74A. These major components in the cellulosomal particles most probably constitute the essential enzymes for crystalline cellulose hydrolysis.