Successful treatment of early-stage lower extremity lymphedema with side-to-end lymphovenous anastomosis with indocyanine green lymphography assisted.

Microsurgery 2016 May 15;36(4):310-5. Epub 2015 Dec 15.

Division of Reconstructive Microsurgery, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Purpose: This study was to investigate intraoperative assessment of side-to-end lymphovenous anastomosis (LVA) with indocyanine green (ICG) and the correlation between its patency and surgical outcome.

Methods: LVA was applied to five patients with early-stage lower extremity lymphedema. Side-to-end anastomosis and then end-to-end anastomosis were created as a second alternative. Immediately after the anastomosis, ICG was used to confirm its patency.

Results: The mean number of anastomoses was 2.0 ± 0.7, and the types of anastomoses were primarily side-to-end and secondarily end-to-end. The mean reduction rate was 63.8 ± 20.2% after LVA at 10 ± 6.4 months of follow-up. In all cases, the affected extremities became soft immediately after surgery, and no cellulitis episodes were observed.

Conclusion: Side-to-end LVA can be an effective treatment for early-stage lower extremity lymphedema. ICG lymphodynamic assessment is useful not only in the preoperative identification of functional lymphatics but also in the intraoperative visualization of new drainage routes in LVA surgery. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery 36:310-315, 2016.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/micr.30010DOI Listing
May 2016
8 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

lower extremity
12
early-stage lower
12
extremity lymphedema
12
lymphovenous anastomosis
8
indocyanine green
8
side-to-end lymphovenous
8
lymphedema side-to-end
8
treatment early-stage
8
lva
5
side-to-end
5
anastomosis
5
cellulitis episodes
4
lva 10 ± 64 months
4
638 ± 202% lva
4
rate 638 ± 202%
4
reduction rate
4
cases extremities
4
10 ± 64 months follow-up
4
follow-up cases
4
soft surgery
4

References

(Supplied by CrossRef)
Prevention of dermatolymphangioadenitis by combined physiotherapy of the swollen arm after treatment for breast cancer
Foldi et al.
Lymphology 1996
Use of autologous interposition vein graft in management of lymphedema: Preliminary experimental and clinical observations
Campisi et al.
Lymphology 1991
Lymphedema and microsurgery
Campisi et al.
Microsurgery 2002

Similar Publications