Cancer 2004 Sep;101(5):1028-35
Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum Grosshadern, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany.
Background: The goal of the current study was to retrospectively assess the prognostic impact of TP53 mutation status and P53 expression/accumulation on long-term outcome for adult patients with supratentorial World Health Organization (WHO) Grade II astrocytoma or oligoastrocytoma.
Methods: The authors revisited a previously published short-term data set containing information on 159 consecutive patients who were treated between 1991 and 1998. Each patient was screened for TP53 mutations and P53 overexpression/accumulation. The reference point for all analyses was the date of surgical treatment, and the date of last follow-up examination was August 2002. Overall survival, progression-free survival, postrecurrence survival, and time to malignant transformation were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and potential prognostic factors were evaluated using the multivariate proportional hazards model.
Results: The median follow-up duration for survivors was 80.4 months (standard deviation, 33.0 months). TP53 mutations, which were present in 49.1% of all tumors, occurred preferentially in gemistocytic tumors (P < 0.05). In addition, the TP53 status of the primary tumor was predictive of the TP53 status of the recurrent tumor in all cases of disease recurrence. The 5-year overall and progression-free survival rates were 77.5% and 43.2%, respectively, and the risk of malignant transformation at 5 years postsurgery was 32.7%. Unfavorable prognostic factors with respect to survival duration included older age (> or = 50 years; P < 0.002), gemistocytic subtype (P < 0.01), and positive TP53 mutation status (P < 0.05), all of which were also negatively associated with progression-free survival (P < 0.05, P < 0.001, and P < 0.003, respectively). In contrast, positive TP53 mutation status was the only significant predictor of a reduction in time to malignant transformation (P < 0.03). P53 overexpression/accumulation did not exhibit prognostic relevance in any of the multivariate models constructed in the current study.
Conclusions: TP53 mutations are common early events in the pathogenesis of WHO Grade II astrocytoma or oligoastrocytoma. In the current study, positive TP53 mutation status (but not P53 overexpression/accumulation) was found to be an independent unfavorable predictor of survival, progression-free survival, and time to malignant transformation. The therapeutic implications of these findings have yet to be determined.