Am J Med Genet A 2014 May 24;164A(5):1310-7. Epub 2014 Mar 24.
Département de Génétique Histologie-Embryologie-Cytogénétique, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France; INSERM U781, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, Institut IMAGINE, Paris, France.
Neuroblastoma is the most frequent extra cranial solid tumor in infants and children. Genetic predisposition to neuroblastoma has been suspected previously due to familial cases of sporadic NB and predisposition to NB in several syndromes. Here, we report on a de novo 14q23.1-q23.3 microdeletion in a male presenting with a neuroblastoma diagnosed at 9 months, and spherocytosis, congenital heart defect, cryptorchidism, hypoplasia of corpus callosum, epilepsy, and developmental delay. Myc-associated-factor X (MAX) haploinsufficiency could be regarded as the predisposing factor to NB. Indeed 14q deletion is a recurrent somatic rearrangement in NB and MAX somatic and germline loss of function mutation have recently been described in pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma. However, MAX was expressed in the tumor of the patient we report on and, accordingly, loss of heterozygosity, mutation, or promoter methylation were excluded. In addition, we discuss the potential involvement in the clinical spectrum presented by the patient of five of the deleted genes, namely DAAM1, PLEKHG3, SPTB, AKAP5, and ARID4A.