Arch Dermatol 2002 Jun;138(6):799-802
Department of Dermatology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
Background: Reports of vitiligo associated with metastases and rare cases of spontaneous regression of disease have fueled enthusiasm for immunologic approaches to the treatment of advanced melanoma. More recent strategies have focused on using antigen-presenting dendritic cells as vaccines.
Observations: We observed 3 cases of leukoderma associated with a novel adenovirus-mediated gp100/MART-1-transduced dendritic cell (MART indicates melanoma antigen recognized by T cells). All 3 patients had advanced metastatic melanoma. Despite the development of this leukodermic response, all patients experienced disease progression while under treatment.
Conclusion: We provide the initial evidence for effective induction of a leukodermic response with a gp100/MART-1-transduced dendritic cell vaccine.