Br J Urol 1998 Dec;82 Suppl 1:26-33
Department of Urology, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts, USA.
Minerva Cardioangiol 1996 May;44(5):243-6
Servizio di Urologia, Ospedale di Bressanone, Bolzano.
The incidence of risk factors atherosclerosis and of vasculogenic importance in a group of patients with erectile failure is presented. As a single risk factor only arterial hypertension is associated significantly with arteriogenic importance. Myocardial ischemia and peripheric arteriopathy are also often associated with arteriogenic impotence. Read More
Arch Esp Urol 2010 Oct;63(8):611-20
Hospital de Galdakao-Usánsolo, Vizcaya, España.
Vascular etiology is present in up to 60% of the patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). Both small vessel disease, such as that in diabetes mellitus, and arteriosclerosis of bigger size arteries, as in hypertension, cause arterial insufficiency and erectile dysfunction. Tobacco smoking alters the arterial hemodynamics in the penis, causing erectile dysfunction in a high percentage of advanced age smokers: pelvic arteries fibrosis and stenosis accelerates the existing arteriosclerosis. Read More
Hinyokika Kiyo 2002 Nov;48(11):663-6
Department of Urology, Nara Medical University.
A 30-year-old male was referred to our department during the examination and treatment for hypertension, because he had not achieved complete erection since the age of 26 years. After detailed examination, he was diagnosed to be suffering from nodal polyarteritis. Since erectile dysfunction persisted, the patient was hospitalized to investigate the cause of erectile dysfunction. Read More
BJU Int 2003 Dec;92(9):977-80
Department of Urology, Takamatsu Red Cross Hospital, Kagawa, Japan.
Objective: To assess the correlation between retinal vascular findings and penile cavernosal arterial blood flow, as it is probable that systemic atherosclerotic vascular disease is important in male erectile dysfunction (ED), and being systemic, it might be possible to evaluate the extent of atherosclerosis from retinal vascular findings.
Patients And Methods: The study included 75 patients with ED; any with a history of pelvic injury, pelvic surgery, or diabetes mellitus were excluded. All patients gave fully informed consent. Read More