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- A J Wein
Semin Urol 1989 May;7(2):59-64
Division of Urology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104.
Complications of urinary tract infections associated with devices used for long-term bladder management.
J Hosp Infect 1994 Nov;28(3):177-94
School of Pure and Applied Biology, University of Wales College of Cardiff.
The long-term indwelling urethral catheter continues to be a major cause of morbidity in patients in hospitals, nursing homes and home care. Many authorities have recommended that wherever possible, alternative techniques should be considered for the management of patients with urinary retention or incontinence. This article considers the complications that develop from the urinary tract infections associated with long-term indwelling catheterization and reviews the evidence that the other options for bladder management pose less serious threats to health. Read More
N Engl J Med 1985 Sep;313(13):800-5