Br J Urol 1998 Dec;82(6):918-9
Department of Urology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
J Urol 1996 Oct;156(4):1436
Department of Surgery (Division of Urology), Beth Israel Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci 2003 Jul;19(7):362-7
Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
Of all primary malignant renal tumors, 10% to 15% originate from the renal pelvis, and 90% to 92% of these tumors are transitional cell carcinomas. Nonetheless, renal pelvis transitional cell carcinoma extending into the inferior vena cava is very rare. We report one confirmed case and one highly suspicious case of renal pelvis transitional cell carcinoma with a tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava. Read More
Hinyokika Kiyo 2003 Aug;49(8):457-61
Department of Urology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine.
Renal cell carcinoma tends to progress into the renal vein and inferior vena cava. We investigated 14 cases of renal cell carcinoma with tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava. Surgery was performed in nine cases and mean survival was 53 months. Read More
J Comput Assist Tomogr 2005 Jul-Aug;29(4):472-4
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.
Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and Doppler ultrasound findings of a renal cell carcinoma invading the right ovarian vein are presented. An MDCT study performed for evaluation of macroscopic hematuria showed a heterogeneously enhancing malignant thrombus in the right ovarian vein that was in continuity with inferior vena cava and right renal vein thrombi of identical characteristics. Further investigation with Doppler ultrasound confirmed these findings and showed arterial blood flow of low resistance within the ovarian vein and inferior vena cava thrombi. Read More