Cancer Gene Ther 1996 Jan-Feb;3(1):31-8
Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington 91320, USA.
Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors were constructed containing both a synthetic type I interferon gene, (IFN-con1) and the bacterial neomycin-resistant gene. Recombinant virions were used to infect a number of human tumor cell lines, including 293, Hela, K562, and Eskol (a hairy cell leukemia-like cell), and geneticin-resistant cells were selected. All IFN-con1-transduced cell lines produced low levels of IFN-con1 and grew at the same rate as nontransduced cell lines. Although these cell lines were resistant to IFN in vitro, when injected into nude mice, 293, K562, and Eskol cells failed to form tumors up to 3 months after the initial inoculum, although mice receiving nontransduced cells developed tumors within 7 to 10 days. Transduced Hela cells grew much slower in vivo and formed much smaller tumors than did the parental cells. When equal numbers of transduced and nontransduced cells were injected into nude mice, tumors initially developed slowly and then completely regressed. Treatment of an established Eskol tumor (histologically a malignant immunoblastic lymphoma) with AAV/IFN-con1-transduced 293 cells resulted in tumor regression, whereas treatment of Eskol tumors with IFN-con1 resulted in a small decrease in tumor size. These results indicate that the human IFN-con1 gene in a viral vector can be used successfully in the treatment of tumors both directly and by tumor-targeted gene therapy.
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