J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2021 Dec;51(4):424-3427
Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch, Farnborough, UK.
Ambio 2022 Jun 17;51(6):1388-1401. Epub 2022 Jan 17.
Department of Open Space Development, Hochschule Geisenheim University, Von-Lade-Str. 1, 65366, Geisenheim, Germany.
Nature-based solutions (NBS) were introduced as integrated, multifunctional and multi-beneficial solutions to a wide array of socio-ecological challenges. Although principles for a common understanding and implementation of NBS were already developed on a landscape scale, specific principles are needed with regard to an application in urban areas. Urban areas come with particular challenges including (i) spatial conflicts with urban system nestedness, (ii) specific urban biodiversity, fragmentation and altered environments, (iii) value plurality, multi-actor interdependencies and environmental injustices, (iv) path-dependencies with cultural and planning legacies and (v) a potential misconception of cities as being artificial landscapes disconnected from nature. Read More
BMJ Glob Health 2021 12;6(12)
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London, UK.
The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented global crisis in which governments had to act in a situation of rapid change and substantial uncertainty. The governments of Germany, Sweden and the UK have taken different paths allowing learning for future pandemic preparedness. To help inform discussions on preparedness, inspired by resilience frameworks, this paper reviews governance structures, and the role of science and the media in the COVID-19 response of Germany, Sweden and the UK in 2020. Read More
J R Coll Physicians Edinb 2021 06;51(2):123-124
Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, 11 Queen Street, Edinburgh EH2 1JQ, UK, Email:
Ann Emerg Med 2021 05 15;77(5):501-510. Epub 2021 Jan 15.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Emergency Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA.
Study Objective: The measurement of emergency department (ED) throughput as a patient-centered quality measure is ubiquitous; however, marked heterogeneity exists between EDs, complicating comparisons for payment purposes. We evaluate 4 scoring methodologies for accommodating differences in ED visit volume and heterogeneity among ED groups that staff multiple EDs to improve the validity and "fairness" of ED throughput quality measurement in a national registry, with the goal of developing a volume-adjusted throughput measure that balances variation at the ED group level.Methods: We conducted an ED group-level analysis using the 2017 American College of Emergency Physicians Clinical Emergency Data Registry data set, which included 548 ED groups inclusive of 889 unique EDs. Read More