Cancer 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.
Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.
J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 May 19;130:108477. Epub 2021 May 19.
Friends Research Institute, Inc., 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, United States of America.
Opioid use disorder (OUD) among adolescents and young adults (youth) is associated with drug use and sexual HIV-related risk behaviors and opioid overdose. This mixed methods analysis assesses risk behaviors among a sample of 15-21-year-olds (N = 288) who were being treated for OUD in a residential drug treatment program in Baltimore, Maryland. Participants were enrolled in a parent study in which they received either extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) or Treatment as Usual (TAU), consisting of outpatient counseling with or without buprenorphine, prior to discharge. Read More
J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 May 14;130:108474. Epub 2021 May 14.
Yale School of Medicine AIDS Program, New Haven, CT, United States of America; Yale School of Public Health, Chronic Disease Epidemiology, New Haven, CT, United States of America. Electronic address:
Background: Women are underrepresented in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Interpersonal and structural factors affect women's access to SUD treatment, but limited research evaluates how motherhood is a potential barrier and facilitator to engagement in SUD treatment. We focus on women from young to middle adulthood, and capture women's identities as mothers, caretakers, and grandmothers, outside of pregnancy and the postpartum period. Read More
Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 9;140:111705. Epub 2021 Jun 9.
School of Basic Medical Science, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, PR China. Electronic address:
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a short-term high-calorie diet and the regulation mechanism of Raphanus sativus L. seeds (RSL seeds) on the intestinal motility of young rats.Methods: We fed 20 Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) 4-week-old male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats special high-calorie diet for 3 days and then randomized them to a high-calorie diet group (HCG, 10 rats) and an RSL seeds treatment group (TG, 10 rats). Read More
Child Abuse Negl 2021 Jun 9;118:105131. Epub 2021 Jun 9.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21215, USA.
Background: The negative consequences of parental substance abuse are significant and longstanding for children. Among other risks, these youth are more likely to experience housing instability. The most common predictor of a child not living with their biological parent is parental substance use. Read More
J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Jul 27;126:108341. Epub 2021 Feb 27.
Department of Psychiatry, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, USA. Electronic address:
Background: The United States and Canada have observed sharp increases in substance use disorder among women of child-bearing or child-rearing age. Substance use disorder can have deleterious effects on children, families, and communities. Many evidence-based treatments exist, but engaging mothers in treatment is difficult. Read More