Trends Cardiovasc Med 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, California, USA. Electronic address:
Prev Chronic Dis 2021 May 6;18:E42. Epub 2021 May 6.
Community Health and Preventive Medicine, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.
Introduction: Perceived and actual access to healthy foods may differ in urban areas, particularly among Black people. We assessed the effect of objective and perceived neighborhood food access on self-reported cardiovascular disease (CVD) among Black people living in areas of high risk and low risk for the disease in Atlanta, Georgia. We hypothesized that perceived and objective food access would independently predict self-reported CVD. Read More
J Gen Intern Med 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.
Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.
Background: Neighborhood-level characteristics, such as poverty, have been associated with risk factors for heart failure (HF), including hypertension and diabetes mellitus. However, the independent association between neighborhood poverty and incident HF remains understudied.Objective: To evaluate the association between neighborhood poverty and incident HF using a "real-world" clinical cohort. Read More
Eur Heart J 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.
The Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton Health Sciences, 237 Barton Street East, Hamilton, Ontario L8L 2X2, Canada.
Aims: Rosuvastatin (10 mg per day) compared with placebo reduced major adverse cardiovascular (CV) events by 24% in 12 705 participants at intermediate CV risk after 5.6 years. There was no benefit of blood pressure (BP) lowering treatment in the overall group, but a reduction in events in the third of participants with elevated systolic BP. Read More
Open Heart 2021 May;8(1)
School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Objectives: To explore the relationship between emergency medical service (EMS) delay time, overall time to reperfusion and clinical outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI).Methods: This was a retrospective observational study of 2976 patients with STEMI who presented to EMS and underwent PPCI between January 2014 and December 2017. We performed multivariable logistic models to assess the relationship between EMS delay time and 30-day mortality and to identify factors associated with system delay time. Read More
J Card Fail 2021 May;27(5):512-521
Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.
Background: The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet pattern has shown some promise for preventing heart failure (HF), but studies have been conflicting.Objective: To determine whether the DASH diet pattern was associated with incident HF in a large biracial and geographically diverse population.Methods And Results: Among participants in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort study of adults aged ≥45 years who were free of suspected HF at baseline in 2003-2007, the DASH diet score was derived from the baseline food frequency questionnaire. Read More