Igaku Butsuri 2020;40(4):139
Rofo 2021 Aug 4. Epub 2021 Aug 4.
Sektion für Interventionelle Radiologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, Germany.
Purpose: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common condition with high socio-economic relevance. Therefore, qualified nationwide provision of interventional treatments of PAD is important for maintaining a high quality medical service in Germany.Materials And Methods: All data on revascularization procedures from the quality management system of the German interventional radiological society (DeGIR) for the years 2018 and 2019 were retrospectively analysed. Read More
Sex Med 2021 Aug 1;9(5):100415. Epub 2021 Aug 1.
Amsterdam UMC, Centre of Expertise on Gender Dysphoria, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Amsterdam UMC, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Introduction: Genital gender affirming surgery (gGAS) is usually the final stage in the medical transition for transgender men and consists of creating a neophallus and neo-scrotum, with or without urethral lengthening(UL). To reduce the complication risks of UL, a mandatory colpectomy is performed prior to UL. Colpectomy is considered a complex surgery, which may lead to various perioperative complications. Read More
Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Jul 27;90:27-32. Epub 2021 Jul 27.
Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Division of Neuroradiology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
Introduction: Impaired olfaction and reduced cholinergic nucleus 4 (Ch4) volume both predict greater cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease (PD). We examined the relationship between olfaction, longitudinal change in cholinergic basal forebrain nuclei and their target regions, and cognition in early PD.Methods: We analyzed a cohort of 97 PD participants from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative with brain MRIs at baseline, 1 year, 2 years, and 4 years. Read More
Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2021 Aug 1. Epub 2021 Aug 1.
Osteoarthritis Research Unit, University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM), Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:
Objective: To examine if relationships between knee osteoarthritis (OA) progression with knee moments and muscle activation during gait vary between patients with non-traumatic and post-traumatic knee OA.Design: This longitudinal study included participants with non-traumatic (n=17) and post-traumatic (n=18) knee OA; the latter group had a previous anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Motion capture cameras, force plates, and surface electromyography measured knee moments and lower extremity muscle activation during gait. Read More
N Engl J Med 2021 Aug;385(6):526-538
From Kysthospitalet in Hagevik, Orthopedic Department, Haukeland University Hospital (I.M.A., E.H., F.R., K.I.), and the Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen (E.H., F.R., K.I.), Bergen, Møre and Romsdal Hospital Trust, Ålesund Hospital, Orthopedic Department, Ålesund (E.H.), the Oslo Center for Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Research Support Services (M.W.F.), the Research and Communication Unit for Musculoskeletal Health, Division of Clinical Neuroscience (K.S.), and the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (J.I.B.), Oslo University Hospital, the Department of Physiotherapy, Oslo Metropolitan University (K.S.), the Medical Faculty (J.I.B.), the Division of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine (T.B.), and the Institute of Clinical Medicine (H. Banitalebi), University of Oslo, Akershus University Hospital, Orthopedic Department (O.G.), Radiology, Unilabs Radiology (K.R.H.A.), and the Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (T.B.) and the Division of Orthopedic Surgery (C.H.), Oslo University Hospital Ullevål, Oslo, the Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tromsø-the Arctic University of Norway, and the Norwegian Registry for Spine Surgery, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø (T.S.), the Orthopedic Department (E.F.) and the Department of Neurosurgery (C.W.), Stavanger University Hospital, and the Department of Quality and Health Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Stavanger (C.W.), Stavanger, and the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Akershus University Hospital, Lorenskog (H. Banitalebi) - all in Norway; and the Spine Surgery Team, Department of Orthopedics, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, and the Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden (H. Brisby).
Background: In patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis, it is uncertain whether decompression surgery alone is noninferior to decompression with instrumented fusion.Methods: We conducted an open-label, multicenter, noninferiority trial involving patients with symptomatic lumbar stenosis that had not responded to conservative management and who had single-level spondylolisthesis of 3 mm or more. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to undergo decompression surgery (decompression-alone group) or decompression surgery with instrumented fusion (fusion group). Read More