Lancet Respir Med 2021 01 5;9(1):2-3. Epub 2020 Nov 5.
University of Groningen and University Medical Center Groningen, and Department of Molecular Pharmacology, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands; Groningen Research Institute for Asthma and COPD, Groningen, Netherlands.
J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.
Department of Integrative Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas, USA.
Is the brain bipotential or is sex-typical behavior determined during development? Thirty years of research in whiptail lizards transformed the field of behavioral neuroscience to show the brain is indeed bipotential, producing behaviors along a spectrum of male-typical and female-typical behavior via a parliamentary system of neural networks and not a predetermined program of constrained behavioral output. The unusual clade of whiptail lizards gave these insights as there are several parthenogenetic all-female species that display both male-typical and female-typical sexual behavior. These descendant species exist alongside their ancestors, allowing a unique perspective into how brain-behavior relationships evolve. Read More
Med Health Care Philos 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.
Chair of Bioethics and Moral Philosophy, Faculty of Education, Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy.
"Patient-centred care" is the recent response to the malaise produced in the field of health care from the point of view both of a technical mentality and the paternalistic model. The interest in the story-telling approach shown by both the humanities and the social sciences has favoured a "narrative turn" in medicine too, where the new ethics of therapeutic relationship consider the hermeneutic method a means by which to integrate evidence and subjectivity, scientific data and patient experience. The aim of this paper is to show how Ricoeur's theory of "threefold mimesis" makes a conceptual contribution to the use of narrative interviews in nursing and also be successfully transferred into and applied in the field of healthcare in general. Read More
Front Immunol 2021 30;12:663586. Epub 2021 Mar 30.
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Q.U. Health. Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
As of January 2021, SARS-CoV-2 has killed over 2 million individuals across the world. As such, there is an urgent need for vaccines and therapeutics to reduce the burden of COVID-19. Several vaccines, including mRNA, vector-based vaccines, and inactivated vaccines, have been approved for emergency use in various countries. Read More
J Child Lang 2021 Apr 13:1-30. Epub 2021 Apr 13.
Harvard University, USA.
This study examined the development of evaluative language in preschoolers' oral fictional narratives using a storytelling/story-acting practice where children told stories to and for their friends. Evaluative language orients the audience to the teller's cognitive and emotional engagement with a story's events and characters, and we hypothesized that this STSA context might yield new information about the early development of this language, prior to elementary school. We analyzed 60 stories: the first and last story told by 10 children in each of three preschool classrooms (3-, 4-, and 5-year-old classes) that used STSA throughout the school year. Read More
Front Psychol 2021 16;12:638932. Epub 2021 Mar 16.
CRP-CPO, UR UPJV 7273, Université de Picardie Jules Verne, Amiens, France.
Improvisational theater (improv) is a booming theatrical practice, applying in many fields (teaching, medicine or entrepreneurship). Its effects on cognitive and behavioral processes are beginning to be demonstrated, despite scientific publications that are still rare, particularly about language. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of improv on adolescent narrative skills. Read More