J Trace Elem Med Biol 2020 Dec 31;62:126639. Epub 2020 Aug 31.
Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Background: Chromium picolinate (CrPic) and vitamin D3 are known as two antioxidant micronutrients. Through inducing endothelial dysfunction, oxidants such as homocysteine (Hct) and malondialdehyde (MDA) lead to cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). No published data has directly examined the effects of these two antioxidants on improving the endothelial dysfunction in T2DM throughreducing homocysteine and oxidative stress.
Methods: Subjects (n = 92) in this randomized, double blind, placebo-control study were randomly assigned to receive oral placebo (group I), D (group II: 50,000 IU/ week), chromium picolinate (CrPic) (group III: 500 μg/day), and both vitamin D and CrPic (group IV) for four months. Fasting blood samples were drawn at study baseline and following intervention to determine Hct, MDA, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total thiol groups (SHs), vascular cell adhesion molecule- 1 (VCAM-1), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1).
Results: After intervention, MDA significantly decreased in groups II and IV; TAC significantly increased in group IV, and SHs significantly augmented in group III; Hct was significantly reduced in groups II, III, and IV; and VCAM-1 significantly decreased in groups III and IV and PAI-1 was significantly reduced in groups II, III, and IV.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that through reducing homocysteine and oxidative stress and improving endothelial dysfunction, chromium and vitamin D co-supplementation might be predictive and preventive of cardiovascular diseasesassociated with T2DM. IRCT, IRCT20190610043852N1, registered 21 October 2019, https://fa.irct.ir/user/trial/42293/view.