Elucidating Mental Health Disorders among Rohingya Refugees: A Malaysian Perspective.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 09 15;17(18). Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia.

Mental health disorders (MHDs) among refugees has been recognized as a major public health issue. However, to date, there is limited evidence on the prevalence of MHDs among Rohingya refugees in Malaysia. This study aimed to examine the prevalence and associated factors of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among Rohingya refugees in Malaysia. A total of 220 refugees were randomly selected to participate in this cross-sectional study, conducted from June 2019 to November 2019. Perceived social support, religious orientation, food security, and sociodemographic characteristics were assessed as independent variables. The dependent variables assessed were MDD, GAD, and PTSD. The prevalence of GAD, PTSD, and MDD was reported at 92 (41.8%), 84 (38.2%), and 71 (32.3%). Several factors were significantly associated with MDD following multivariate analysis such as perceived low to moderate social support (AOR = 2.17; 95% CI 1.13, 4.19) and food insecurity (AOR = 2.77; 95% CI 1.19, 6.47). Exposure to violence (AOR = 38.46; 95% CI 16.27, 90.91) and food insecurity (AOR = 3.74; 95% CI 1.41, 9.91) were significantly associated with PTSD. Addressing these risk factors could be key in improving mental health outcomes among this vulnerable population.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186730DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7559711PMC
September 2020

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

mental health
12
rohingya refugees
12
social support
8
food insecurity
8
insecurity aor
8
gad ptsd
8
refugees malaysia
8
health disorders
8
refugees
5
ptsd mdd
4
mdd reported
4
prevalence gad
4
ptsd prevalence
4
mdd gad
4
analysis perceived
4
multivariate analysis
4
reported 418%
4
323% factors
4
associated mdd
4
assessed mdd
4

Similar Publications