JCO Precis Oncol 2019 24;3. Epub 2019 Jul 24.
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY.
Purpose: Matching patients to investigational therapies requires new tools to support physician decision making. We designed and implemented Precision Insight Support Engine (PRECISE), an automated, just-in-time, clinical-grade informatics platform to identify and dynamically track patients on the basis of molecular and clinical criteria. Real-world use of this tool was analyzed to determine whether PRECISE facilitated enrollment to early-phase, genome-driven trials.
Materials And Methods: We analyzed patients who were enrolled in genome-driven, early-phase trials using PRECISE at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center between April 2014 and January 2018. Primary end point was the proportion of enrolled patients who were successfully identified using PRECISE before enrollment. Secondary end points included time from sequencing and PRECISE identification to enrollment. Reasons for a failure to identify genomically matched patients were also explored.
Results: Data were analyzed from 41 therapeutic trials led by 19 principal investigators. In total, 755 patients were accrued to these studies during the period that PRECISE was used. PRECISE successfully identified 327 patients (43%) before enrollment. Patients were diagnosed with 29 tumor types and harbored alterations in 43 oncogenes, most commonly (21.3%), (14.1%), and (8.7%). Median time from sequencing to enrollment was 163 days (interquartile range, 66 to 357 days), and from PRECISE identification to enrollment 87 days (interquartile range, 37 to 180 days). Common reasons for failing to identify patients before enrollment included accrual on the basis of molecular alterations that did not match pre-established PRECISE genomic eligibility (140 [33%] of 428) and external sequencing not available for parsing (127 [30%] of 428).
Conclusion: PRECISE identified 43% of all patients accrued to a diverse cohort of early-phase, genome-matched studies. Purpose-built informatics platforms represent a novel and potentially effective method for matching patients to molecularly selected studies.