Description of Shewanella salipaludis sp. nov., isolated from a salt marsh.

FEMS Microbiol Lett 2020 Aug;367(15)

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Jangan-gu, Suwon, 16419, Republic of Korea.

A Gram-stain-negative and flagellated bacterial strain, SHSM-M6T, was isolated from salt marsh from Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. Neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain SHSM-M6T belongs to the genus Shewanella. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values between strain SHSM-M6T and the type strains of Shewanella species were <98.0%. The average nucleotide identity and DNA-DNA hybridization values between genomic sequences of strain SHSM-M6T and the type strains of Shewanella species were <73.3 and 20.7%, respectively. Strain SHSM-M6T contained MK-6 as predominant menaquinone and Q-7 and Q-8 as the predominant ubiquinones. The novel strain contained C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c, iso-C15:0 and C16:0 as major fatty acids. Major polar lipids of strain SHSM-M6T were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified lipid, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified phospholipid. Differential phenotypic properties of strain SHSM-M6T, together with its phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, revealed that strain SHSM-M6T is separated from recognized Shewanella species. On the basis of the data presented, strain SHSM-M6T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Shewanella, for which the name Shewanella salipaludis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SHSM-M6T (=KACC 19901T = NBRC 113646T).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fnaa121DOI Listing
August 2020

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