Currently, treatment of myocardial infarction considered as unmet clinical need. Nanomaterials have been used in the regeneration of tissues such as bone, dental and neural tissue in the body and have increased hope for revitalizing of damaged tissues. Conductive carbon base nanomaterials with its superior physicochemical properties have emerged as promising materials for cardiovascular application. In this study, we applied a biosynthetic collagen scaffold containing carbon nanofiber for regenerating of damaged heart tissue. The collagen-carbon nanofiber scaffold was fabricated and fully characterised. The scaffold was grafted on the affected area of myocardial ischemia, immediately after ligation of the left anterior descending artery in the wistar rat's model. After 4 weeks, histological analyses were performed for investigation of formation of immature cardio-myocytes, epicardial cells, and angiogenesis. Compared to untreated hearts, this scaffold significantly protects heart tissue against injury. This improvement is accompanied by a reduction in fibrosis and the increased formation of a blood vessel network and immature cardio-myocytes in the infarction heart. No toxicity detected with apoptotic and TUNEL assays. In conclusion, the mechanical support of the collagen scaffold with carbon nanofiber enhanced the regeneration of myocardial tissue.