BMC Med Educ 2020 Jul 2;20(1):213. Epub 2020 Jul 2.
Center for Pediatrics - Department of general pediatrics, adolescent medicine, and neonatology, Medical Center, Medical Faculty, University of Freiburg, Mathildenstrasse 1, 79106, Freiburg, Germany.
Background: Interprofessional education (IPE) is deemed essential for interprofessional collaboration (IPC) in healthcare systems. IPC has positive effects for both patients and healthcare professionals. Especially in pediatrics, IPC is paramount for adequate care of patients and their families though there is a lack of data on the attitudes towards IPE and IPC and acquisition of respective competences in pediatric nursing and medical staff.
Methods: Frequencies of interactions and attitudes towards IPE and IPC, with a focus on acquisition of competences for IPE and IPC, of nurses (N = 79) and physicians (N = 70) in a large pediatric university hospital were evaluated with an online questionnaire.
Results: All participants worked as part of interprofessional teams, mostly consisting of nurses and physicians. The majority (94.9% (n = 75) of nurses and 100% (n = 70) of physicians) highly valued IPC. Medical doctors acquired most competences important for IPC during day-to-day work and reported a substantial lack of IPE. Nursing staff on the other hand did report significant interprofessional education during their training as well as ongoing interprofessional learning during day-to-day work. Nurses also appreciated IPE more.
Conclusions: Even though IPC is commonly reported in nurses and physicians working at a large pediatric university hospital there is a lack of structured IPE. A focus should be on IPE for nurses and physicians to enable them to effectively collaborate together. Political and local initiatives for IPE are gaining momentum but still need to be established nationally and internationally.