High Throughput 2020 Jun 8;9(2). Epub 2020 Jun 8.
GSK Vaccines Institute for Global Health s.r.l (GVGH), Siena 53100, Italy.
Despite the huge decrease in deaths caused by worldwide in recent decades, shigellosis still causes over 200,000 deaths every year. No vaccine is currently available, and the morbidity of the disease coupled with the rise of antimicrobial resistance renders the introduction of an effective vaccine extremely urgent. Although a clear immune correlate of protection against shigellosis has not yet been established, the demonstration of the bactericidal activity of antibodies induced upon vaccination may provide one means of the functionality of antibodies induced in protecting against . The method of choice to evaluate the complement-mediated functional activity of vaccine-induced antibodies is the Serum Bactericidal Assay (SBA). Here we present the development and intra-laboratory characterization of a high-throughput luminescence-based SBA (L-SBA) method, based on the detection of ATP as a proxy of surviving bacteria, to evaluate the complement-mediated killing of human sera. We demonstrated the high specificity of the assay against a homologous strain without any heterologous aspecificity detected against species-related and non-species-related strains. We assessed the linearity, repeatability and reproducibility of L-SBA on human sera. This work will guide the bactericidal activity assessment of clinical sera raised against . The method has the potential of being applicable with similar performances to determine the bactericidal activity of any non-clinical and clinical sera that rely on complement-mediated killing.